Central and South America
Cutaneous leishmaniasis—a parasitic disease spread by sand flies—is endemic in 88 countries worldwide, including most of Central and South America. Left untreated, the disease causes disfigurement and, in some cases, death. The number of cases in Colombia has doubled. To address this growing threat, researchers in the Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases department are working in Colombia to clarify the epidemiological and immunological elements of this disease in order to develop effective treatments. Students and researchers from the School are working on a range of other projects in Latin America, from providing advanced HIV/AIDS prevention and research training to Nicaraguan post-doctoral trainees to a multi-year study in Brazil studying the effects of exercise training and of stress on insulin resistance in older people.