Urban Slum Health & Brazil
In collaboration with Brazilian Ministry of Health and the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) Yale researchers are actively engaged with community leaders and residents to implement field research and identify effective public health interventions for urban slum settlements.
Community interventions are part of the Fiocruz, Yale partnership.
Together, we have established a research and training program that addresses emerging infectious diseases in urban slums. A multidisciplinary team of epidemiologists, clinicians, microbiologists and researchers to investigate various aspects of infectious disease, funded by a Fogarty International Center Global Infectious Disease Research Training grant. 450 Brazilians and 120 Americans have completed the training program.
In addition, we have established work-study and scholarship programs in order to develop a cadre of favela residents who perform research on the health problems in their community and work with the government to improve conditions in Salvador.
Fiocruz, meanwhile, maintains ongoing, population based surveillance for leptospirosis, bacterial meningitis and other tropical diseases. A diagnostic laboratory is now the national reference center for leptospirosis surveillance; it includes a molecular strain typing center and field sites to perform community-based longitudinal studies that are designed to identify determinants of transmission for leptospirosis and the etiologic pathogens of bacterial meningitis.