Research and Global Health
The faculty and students in EMD carry out interdisciplinary research ranging from field and laboratory based studies in vector borne diseases, to emerging infections, to host defense and pathogenesis. Students have unique opportunities to use the Department's special laboratory facilities for bio-containment of infectious agents and for rearing and studying arthropod disease vectors. Faculty members also have extensive international collaborations underway in Africa, Asia, Central and South America, and Russia, which the students participate in.
Dr. Ruddle’s laboratory focuses on understanding mechanisms of cell trafficking in inflammation and lymphoid organ development, particularly through high endothelial venules and lymphatic vessels.
KwaZulu Natal province in South Africa has one of the highest rates of HIV infection in the world. Closely linked to this HIV epidemic is one of the world’s most severe TB epidemics. Yale first began work directed at the integration of TB and HIV treatment and care in KwaZuluNatal in 2000.
Rick Bucala, MD, PhD, is Professor of Medicine, Pathology, and Epidemiology and Public Health. His research focuses on the role of immunity in the host-pathogen interaction and the clinical expression of different infectious diseases.
In addition to Dr. Khoshnood’s research in the U.S, China and Middle East which has focused on violence and HIV prevention, he is an influential leader in global health education at Yale.
HIV, viral hepatitis, TB, and other infectious diseases in the context of drug abuse and injection constitute a syndemic, i.e., the concentration of diseases or health conditions in which the interaction magnifies the negative health effects of the individual diseases or conditions.
This research focuses on integrating epidemiology and evolutionary ecology or economics in order to generate predictions that could not be made by these disciplines alone. This interdisciplinary approach has widespread potential for answering evolutionary questions, explaining empirical observations and informing...
Leishmaniasis is caused by several species of flagellated protozoan parasites found particularly in Africa, Latin America, Asia, the Mediterranean basin and the Middle East.
Malnutrition affects over a billion people worldwide, ranging from the extremes of stunting and obesity, to the less visible micronutrient deficiencies, such as vitamin A, iron and zinc.
Sexually transmitted infections are a major public health problem because of their high prevalence, associated poor health outcomes, and the disproportionate impact on vulnerable populations such as adolescents and minorities who are marginalized.
Professor Pitzer’s research focuses on mathematical modeling of the transmission dynamics of enteric and imperfectly immunizing infections. She studies how interventions such as vaccination, improved treatment of cases, and improvements in sanitation affect disease transmission at the population level.
The Aksoy lab studies multiple aspects of tsetse flies, the vectors of African trypanosomes. Trypanosomes are the causative agents of the devastating Sleeping Sickness disease in Sub-Saharan Africa.