The C.-E.A. Winslow Award was created in 1999 to recognize leading innovators in the public health profession. It is the Yale School of Public Health's highest honor.
Sir Michael Marmot, 2015
A centennial recipient of the Winslow award, Sir Michael Marmot has led research groups on health inequalities for over 35 years. He was Chair of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH), which was set up by the World Health Organization in 2005, and produced the report entitled: ‘Closing the Gap in a Generation’ in August 2008. He conducted a Strategic Review of Health Inequalities in England post 2010, which published its report 'Fair Society, Healthy Lives' in February 2010. This was followed by the European Review of Social Determinants of Health and the Health Divide, for WHO Euro. He chaired the Breast Screening Review for the NHS National Cancer Action Team and was a member of The Lancet-University of Oslo Commission on Global Governance for Health. He is a Principal Investigator of the Whitehall II Studies of British Civil Servants, investigating explanations for the striking inverse social gradient in morbidity and mortality. He leads the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) and is engaged in several international research efforts on the social determinants of health. In 2000 he was knighted by Her Majesty The Queen, for services to epidemiology and the understanding of health inequalities.
Sir Iain Chalmers, 2010
Sir Iain Chalmers founded the Cochrane Collaboration, which has become the leading creator and repository of systematic reviews of evidence-based health care across the entire medical and public health spectrum, was awarded the Winslow Medal in 2010. Today, the Cochrane Collaboration is now a consortium of some 20,000 researchers in 52 review groups. Earlier in this career, Sir Iain trained as an obstetrician, and was responsible for establishing the UK National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, which became the leading research center for studies of pregnant women and infants in Europe. In 2003, he founded the James Lind Library on which he serves as the founding editor. During his career, Sir Iain has published several hundred papers and books. “Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth” is widely recognized as being the first evidence based text book in any medical specialty. “Systematic Reviews” remains the leading text in this area after several editions.
William Foege, 2004
William H. Foege, M.D., emeritus Presidential Distinguished Professor of International Health at the Emory School of Public Health, received the Winslow Medal in 2004. Foege joined the Smallpox Eradication/Measles Control Program at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1966 and directed the Smallpox Eradication Program in 1970. The global vaccination campaign led to the eradication of smallpox in the late 1970s. As director of the CDC from 1977 to 1983, he steered the agency during the onset of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Foege also formed the Task Force for Child Survival and Development in 1984 to accelerate childhood immunization rates and in 1991 broadened its mandate to include other issues that diminish a child’s quality of life. Foege is a fellow of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and his research has been featured in over 125 professional publications.
Sir Richard Doll, 2000
Sir Richard Doll, who died in 2005 at the age of 93, received the inaugural Winslow Medal during Yale’s Tercentennial celebration in 2000. Sir Richard is credited with identifying smoking as a leading cause of lung cancer 50 years ago. In over 400 publications, he also made major contributions to the understanding of peptic ulcer disease, the role of radiation on leukemia amongst survivors of Hiroshima, the effects of oral contraception and the role of occupational and environmental factors on disease, including the link between asbestos and lung cancer. He also studied the connection between diet and heart disease. Sir Richard directed the United Kingdom Medical Research Council’s Statistical Unit and was a professor of medicine at the University of Oxford where he directed the Cancer Epidemiology and Clinical Trials Unit. He was knighted in 1971.