Carolyn Walch Slayman, PhD

Sterling Professor of Genetics and Professor of Cellular and Molecular Physiology; Deputy Dean for Academic & Scientific Affairs

Research Interests

Genetics; Physiology

Research Organizations

Cellular & Molecular Physiology: Membrane Protein Sorting and Trafficking | Membrane Proteins - Pumps and Transporters

Kavli Institute for Neuroscience

Research Summary

Research in Carolyn Slayman’s laboratory uses the plasma-membrane H+-ATPase of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) as a simple model for studies on P-type cation pumps, a physiologically important family that includes the Na+,K+-, H+,K+-, and Ca2+-ATPases of animal cells. These pumps control the ionic composition of cells; many of them also serve as important drug targets (e.g., for cardiac glycosides in the case of Na+,K+-ATPase and anti-ulcer drugs in the case of gastric H+,K+-ATPase).

Extensive Research Description

Over the past several years, the Slayman laboratory has constructed a large collection of site-directed mutants and used them to explore structure-function relationships in key regions of the 100 kDa H+-ATPase. Results of particular significance include: (1) discovery of a 13-amino acid stretch in stalk segment 4 within which mutations disrupt the interaction between the catalytic domain of the ATPase (located in the cytoplasm) and the proton channel (embedded in the membrane); and (2) clear implication of one face of stalk segment 5 in the metabolic activation of the ATPase by glucose. Cysteine residues have now been introduced into both regions, and methods are being developed to track conformational changes by means of fluorescent sulfhydryl reagents. With a recently published high resolution structure of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase as a template, biophysical data from the H+-ATPase mutants should yield helpful insights into the molecular mechanism by which ATP hydrolysis is coupled to cation transport.

In parallel, the H+-ATPase is being used as a tool to probe the way in which newly synthesized plasma membrane proteins are delivered from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface, as well as the quality control mechanisms that remove poorly folded or otherwise defective proteins. During the past year, a nested series of truncations has been constructed and has provided intriguing evidence for an oligomerization step at the C-terminus of the ATPase; oligomerization appears to occur early in the secretory pathway and to be essential for normal biogenesis.

Selected Publications

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Contact Info

Carolyn Walch Slayman, PhD
Lab Location
Sterling Hall of Medicine, B-Wing
333 Cedar Street, Ste S156

New Haven, CT 06510
Office Location
Sterling Hall of Medicine, I-Wing
333 Cedar Street, Ste S202

New Haven, CT 06510
Mailing Address
PO Box 208000
333 Cedar Street

New Haven, CT 06520-8005