Effectiveness and Cost Effectiveness of Peer Mentors in Reducing Hospital Use


Serious Mental Illness

What is the purpose of this trial?

The current study, through a randomized controlled design, will evaluate the effectiveness of peer support, as compared to usual care and to an equivalent amount of support offered by peer case managers and non-peer recovery mentors, in reducing hospital days and readmissions and in promoting recovery and community inclusion among adults with mental illnesses with histories of multiple hospitalizations. The current study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of adding peer support to the array of services available to persons with serious mental illnesses who have histories of multiple hospitalizations and will test a theoretical model of the active ingredients of peer support, focusing specifically on the roles of 1) instillation of hope through positive self-disclosure; 2) role modeling of self-care and exploring new ways of using experiential knowledge; and 3) a trusting relationship characterized by acceptance, understanding, and empathy with conditional regard.

Participation Guidelines

18 Years and older

Click here for detailed information about who can participate in this trial.

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Yale University
August 2011
Last Updated:
March 28, 2012
Study HIC#:

Clinicaltrials.gov ID: NCT01566513