Causes of Mitral Valve Stenosis
Rheumatic Fever: At one time, this was the most common cause of mitral valve stenosis. In the United States, rheumatic fever is now quite rare.
Radiation: Radiation treatment near the chest has been shown to increase the risk of developing mitral valve stenosis.
- Fatigue, especially during increased physical activity
- Shortness of breath, especially during increased physical activity or when lying flat
- Swelling of the feet or ankles
- Heart palpitations or a rapid, fluttering heartbeat
- Frequent respiratory infections
- Heavy coughing, especially if blood is present
Echocardiogram: An echocardiogram uses sound waves to create an image of the heart. Our surgeons can examine the image of the heart and the mitral valve to determine the cause of the mitral valve stenosis and if it requires replacement.
Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE): This is the most common way of performing an echocardiogram where images of the heart are obtained through the chest wall.
Valvuloplasty: This is a procedure designed to repair the mitral valve. Our cardiac surgeons are able to repair the valve such that most or all of the narrowing is relieved.
Mitral valve replacement: Our surgeons may recommend that your mitral valve be replaced. This is most commonly done with a mechanical or biologic tissue valve.
We understand that the thought of undergoing heart surgery can feel overwhelming. Our surgeons will review your surgical plan with you, in detail, so that you know what to expect before, during, and after your procedure. You can rest assured that you will be cared for by top surgeons internationally renowned for their minimally invasive techniques and innovative treatment strategies.