Rounds

Slot machines and the cingulate cortex

The neurobiology of pathological gambling bears striking similarities to that of drug craving.

From the green towers of the world’s largest casino rising up from the Connecticut farmland to the smash-hit television program Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, a culture that promotes and glorifies gambling is all around us.

But until recently, little has been done to investigate gambling addiction, a significant health problem that may be as prevalent as some other major psychiatric illnesses such as schizophrenia, according to Marc N. Potenza, Ph.D. ’93, M.D. ’94, an assistant professor of psychiatry and director of the Problem Gambling Clinic at Yale.

Research suggests a rise in the rate of pathological gambling during the explosive growth of legalized gambling in the United States, which began with state lottery systems in the 1960s, proliferated with riverboat gambling and casinos on Native American reservations two decades later, and now continues to expand with Internet gambling and...

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Multiple sclerosis the target of experimental Schwann cell transplant

Physicians and researchers are hoping that cells from a nerve in a patient’s ankle will stem the degeneration of the nervous system caused by multiple sclerosis.In July a Yale team transplanted Schwann cells from the sural nerve into a patient’s brain in an effort to reverse the stripping away of myelin, the protective sheath that surrounds nerve fibers in the spinal cord and brain. It was the first central nervous...

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Home monitors deemed inadequate for spotting SIDS

Events that home monitors routinely detect as warning signs for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), such as a...

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Instead of a needle, simple measurements rule out Down syndrome

Yale researchers have developed an algorithm that allows physicians to gauge the risk of Down syndrome in fetuses...

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Pathologists set new criteria for cancer precursor

Pathologists tracking the progression of disease from acid reflux to esophageal inflammation to Barrett’s esophagus, a...

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Jobs and brain cancer may be linked

Farm workers, waitresses and people who work with rubber or cleaning chemicals are at a higher risk for brain cancer,...

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