Michael C Crair PhD

William Ziegler III Professor of Neurobiology and Professor of Ophthalmology and Visual Science; Director, Graduate Studies

Departments & Organizations

Yale Combined Program in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences (BBS): Neuroscience

LCME Academic Environment Subcommittee

Office of Student ResearchInterdepartmental Neuroscience ProgramNeurobiology: Kavli Institute for Neuroscience; Crair Lab; Swartz Program in Theoretical NeurobiologyOphthalmology and Visual Science


Michael C. Crair is the William Ziegler III Professor of Vision Research at Yale University and director of the Vision Core Program in the Department of Neurobiology and the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science and director of graduate studies for the Neurobiology Graduate Program. From 1998 to 2006, Crair taught at Baylor College of Medicine, where he was also the co-director of the Medical Scientist (M.D./Ph.D.) Training Program. A graduate of the University of California at Berkeley, where he earned his A.B., M.A. and Ph.D. degrees, Crair was a postdoctoral researcher at Kyoto University and Kyoto Pre­fectural Medical School in Japan and later at the University of California at San Francisco. He has been awarded numerous honors for his research and teaching, including the Esther A. and Joseph Klingenstein Foundation Fellowship Award in the Neurosciences, the Baylor College of Medicine's MRRC New Program Development Award and its Marc Dresden Excellence in Graduate Education Award, and a NARSAD-Sidney R. Baer Jr. Foundation Young Investigator Award. He has been named an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Research Fellow, a John Merck Fund Scholar and the March of Dimes Foundation's Basil O'Connor Fellow.


  • AB, University of California at Berkeley , 1985
  • M.A., University of California at Berkeley , 1987
  • Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley , 1991

Selected Publication

  • Burbridge TJ, Xu HP, Ackman JB, Ge X, Zhang Y, Ye MJ, Zhou ZJ, Xu J, Contractor A and Crair MC, “Visual Circuit Development Requires Patterned Activity Mediated by Retinal Acetylcholine Receptors.”, Neuron, 2014 84:1049-64 2011 PMCID: PMC4258148.