Mustafa Kezar Khokha MD

Associate Professor of Pediatrics (Critical Care) and of Genetics


Departments & Organizations

Yale Combined Program in the Biological and Biomedical Sciences (BBS): Molecular Cell Biology, Genetics and Development

Animal Organogenesis

Pediatrics: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

Genetics: Khokha Lab

Biography

We are interested in how embryonic pattern is generated and the resultant congenital malformations that occur when patterning fails. During development, the egg must enact a cascade of gene regulation in order to form the vertebrate body plan and establish correct pattern along the body axes. We are deeply interested in the gene regulatory networks that are necessary to create critical signals in specific embryonic locations at appropriate developmental stages. These signals must be carefully orchestrated in order to generate forms that are essential to function and the overall fitness of the organism.

Our main approach is gene discovery from patients with congenital malformations, and then study them in our rapid, human model, Xenopus tropicalis. Recently, the remarkable advances in human genetics/genomics is transforming our understanding of the causes of congenital malformations. Traditionally gene discovery in these patients was very challenging, but new sequencing technologies enable gene discovery in these patients.. In human studies, we have identified many new genes and are analyzing their patterning mechanisms in Xenopus. Combining human genetics with a high-throughput model system has allowed us to discover new genetic mechanisms and novel understanding of how development proceeds.


Education

  • B.S., Northwestern University , 1991
  • M.D., Northwestern University Medical School , 1995

Selected Publication

  • Fakhro KA, Choi M, Ware SM, Belmont JW, Towbin JA, Lifton RP, Khokha MK, Brueckner M. Rare copy number variations in congenital heart disease patients identify unique genes in left-right patterning. PNAS. 2011 Jan 31.

Latest Honor and Recognition

  • Pediatric Scientist Development Program (PSDP) Fellow(06//1996)