Do Treatments for Smoking Cessation Affect Alcohol Drinking? Study 2: Do Varenicline (Chantix) and Bupropion (Zyban) Change Alcohol Drinking?

Conditions

Alcohol Drinking

Trial Phase

Trial Purpose and Description

Trial Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of smoking cessation medications on alcohol drinking.

Following 7 days of medication pre-treatment to achieve steady state levels, participants complete a laboratory session assessing alcohol self-administration behavior and a cue reactivity session assessing their reactivity to alcohol-related cues. Subjects are maintained on study medication for 4 weeks after the laboratory session.

The study is subdivided into three studies based on subject population.

Study 1A enrolls heavy drinking smokers (tested under nicotine deprivation). Study 1B enrolls heavy drinking smokers (not tested under nicotine deprivation), non-daily smokers, and nonsmokers. Study 1C enrolls smokers (not tested under nicotine deprivation) and nonsmokers who meet criteria for alcohol use disorders.

In Study 1A, volunteers are administered either varenicline (Chantix), bupropion (Zyban), or placebo. In Studies 1B and 1C, volunteers are administered either varenicline (Chantix) or placebo.


Participation Guidelines

Age:
21 Years and older
Gender:
Both

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 21 years old or older
  • Able to read and write in English
  • Smokers, non-daily smokers, and non-smokers
  • Heavy Drinkers and/or meet criteria for alcohol use disorders

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any significant current medical or psychiatric conditions that would contraindicate
    the consumption of alcohol
  • Significant hepatocellular injury
  • Positive test result at intake appointments on urine drug screens conducted for
    opiates, cocaine, or benzodiazepines
  • Women who are pregnant or nursing
  • Suicidal, homicidal, or evidence of severe mental illness
  • Prescription of any psychotropic drug in the 30 days prior to study enrollment
  • Blood donation within the past 8 weeks
  • Individuals who are seeking treatment for drinking or smoking or who have attempted
    to quit drinking or smoking within the past 3 months
  • Specific exclusions for administration of bupropion not specified above including:
    having taken monoamine inhibitors in the past six weeks history of anorexia or
    bulimia previous hypersensitivity to bupropion history of alcohol or drug
    dependence in the past year history of seizure disorder of any etiology
  • Known allergy to varenicline or taking H2blockers
  • Participation within the past 8 weeks in other studies that involve additive blood
    sampling and/or interventional measures that would be considered excessive in
    combination with the current study
  • Subjects likely to exhibit clinically significant alcohol withdrawal during the study
Sponsor:
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Yale University
Dates:
06/07/2007
Last Updated:
Study HIC#:
0702002391