Effectiveness and Cost Effectiveness of Peer Mentors in Reducing Hospital Use

Conditions

Serious Mental Illness

Trial Phase

N/A

Trial Purpose and Description

Trial Purpose

The current study, through a randomized controlled design, will evaluate the effectiveness of peer support, as compared to usual care and to an equivalent amount of support offered by peer case managers and non-peer recovery mentors, in reducing hospital days and readmissions and in promoting recovery and community inclusion among adults with mental illnesses with histories of multiple hospitalizations. The current study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of adding peer support to the array of services available to persons with serious mental illnesses who have histories of multiple hospitalizations and will test a theoretical model of the active ingredients of peer support, focusing specifically on the roles of 1) instillation of hope through positive self-disclosure; 2) role modeling of self-care and exploring new ways of using experiential knowledge; and 3) a trusting relationship characterized by acceptance, understanding, and empathy with conditional regard.



Participation Guidelines

Age:
18 Years and older
Gender:
Both

Eligibility Criteria


Inclusion Criteria:

- 2 or more psychiatric hospitalizations in the past year

- A diagnosis of serious mental illness

Exclusion Criteria:

- Dementia or other organic condition limiting ability to provide informed consent
Sponsor:
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Yale University
Dates:
August 2011
Last Updated:
March 28, 2012
Study HIC#:
1010007542

Clinicaltrials.gov ID: NCT01566513