Alcoholism; Mental Health; Psychiatry; Tobacco; Substance Abuse Detection; Smoking Cessation; Risk Reduction Behavior; Psychiatry and Psychology
Public Health Interests
Alcoholism/Alcohol; Drug Abuse/Addition; Health risk behaviors; Mental Health; Smoking/Tobacco Control
Psychiatry: Center for Nicotine and Tobacco Use Research at Yale (CENTURY) | Psychological Medicine Service | Psychology Section | Psychotherapy Development Center | Smoking Cessation and Alcohol Treatment Research Clinic | Substance Abuse Research | Substance Abuse Treatment Center
Cigarette smoking and heavy alcohol consumption are among the leading preventable causes of death and disease in the United States. Both also frequently co-occur with other negative health behavior risks such as obesity and sleep disturbance. Despite these health risks, a substantial number of individuals are unable to successfully quit smoking or reduce their drinking. Moreover, current efficacious treatments have small to moderate effects on smoking and drinking.
Most cigarette smokers and heavy-drinking individuals are treated in primary healthcare settings where the opportunity to address smoking and alcohol use is often missed. There is a need to identify effective integrated models as well as interventions that generalize across multiple negative health behaviors. Multiple health behavior change interventions have the potential to maximize health benefits and reduce health costs.
My research focuses on:
- Developing novel, integrated treatments for smoking and heavy alcohol consumption;
- Using biomarker feedback to motivate multiple health behavior change;
- Testing primary healthcare topics (e.g., sleep) as a "gateway" to addressing heavy alcohol consumption and smoking;
- Identifying factors that optimize the efficacy of existing smoking and alcohol interventions;
- Examining the mechanisms through which these treatments bring about clinical change.
Specialized Terms: Treatments for cigarette smoking and heavy drinking; Moderators of treatment response; Risk behavior mechanisms; Sleep disturbance and substance use; Multiple health behavior change; M-health; Health feedback
Extensive Research Description
I am currently testing integrated treatment models for cigarette smoking and heavy alcohol consumption. I am also testing sleep interventions for heavy-drinking college students.
- DeMartini, K. S. & Fucito, L. M. (2014). Variations in sleep characteristics and sleep-related impairment in at-risk college drinkers: A latent profile analysis. Health Psychology, 33, 1164-1173.
- Fucito, L. M., Bars, M. P., Forray, A., Rojewski, A. M., Shiffman, S., Selby, P., West, R., Foulds, J., Toll, B. A.; Writing Committee for the SRNT Policy and Treatment Networks. (2014). Addressing the evidence for FDA nicotine replacement therapy label changes: a policy statement of the Association for the Treatment of Tobacco use and Dependence and the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 16, 909-914.
- Fucito, L. M., DeMartini, K. S., Hanrahan, T. H., Whittemore, R., Yaggi, H. K., Redeker, N. S. (2015). Perceptions of Heavy-Drinking College Students About a Sleep and Alcohol Health Intervention. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 13, 395-411.
- Fucito, L. M., Redeker, N. S., Ball, S. A., Toll, B. A., Ikomi, J. T., Carroll, K. M. (2014). Integrating a behavioural sleep intervention into smoking cessation treatment for smokers with insomnia: results of a randomised pilot study. Journal of Smoking Cessation, 9, 31-38.
- Fucito, L. M., Park, A., Gulliver, S. B., Mattson, M. E., Gueorguieva, R.V., O'Malley, S.S. (2012). Cigarette smoking predicts differential benefit from naltrexone for alcohol dependence. Biological Psychiatry, 72, 832-838.
- Fucito, L. M., Toll, B. A., Wu, R., Romano, D. M., Tek, E., & O’Malley, S. S. (2011). A preliminary investigation of varenicline for heavy drinking smokers. Psychopharmacology, 215, 655-663.
- Fucito, L. M., Latimer, A., Salovey, P., & Toll, B. A. (2010). Nicotine dependence as a moderator of message framing effects on smoking cessation outcomes. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 39, 311-317.
- Fucito, L. M. & Juliano. L. M. (2009). Depression moderates smoking behavior in response to a sad mood induction. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 23, 546-551.
- Fucito, L. M., Toll, B. A., Salovey, P., & O’Malley, S. S. (2009). Beliefs and attitudes about bupropion: Implications for medication adherence and smoking cessation treatment. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 23, 373-379.