Kathleen M. Carroll, PhD

Albert E. Kent Professor of Psychiatry; Director of Psychosocial Research, Division of Addictions; Principal Investigator, Psychotherapy Development Center for Drug Abuse

Research Interests

Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms; Mental Disorders; Psychiatry and Psychology

Research Organizations


Psychiatry: Division of Substance Abuse | Psychology Section | Psychotherapy Development Center | Substance Abuse Research

Research Summary

My long-term goal is to improve the effectiveness of addiction treatment through:

  • More precise understanding of the treatments and mechanisms that produce the best outcomes in substance abusers;
  • Development, refinement, and evaluation of innovative behavioral approaches;
  • Working to increase the methodological quality of research in the field of substance abuse;
  • Evaluating effective means of transferring new technologies and fostering broader use of empirically supported treatments by the clinical community;
  • Training new researchers in the most rigorous methodology of treatment outcome research.

Current interests include computer-based treatments and training (CBT4CBT)

Extensive Research Description

Principal Investigator:

  • NIDA U10 “Clinical Trials Network: New England Node”
  • NIDA K05 “Psychotherapy of Substance Use Disorders”
  • NIDA R37 (NIH MERIT award) Computer Based Training in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy:
  • NIDA P50 Psychotherapy Development Center.
  • NIDA R01 CBT4CBT for Spanish Speakers (with Dr. Manny Paris)

Selected Publications

  • Carroll, K.M., Kiluk, B.D., Nich, C., DeVito, E.E., Decker, S., LaPaglia, D., Duffey, D., Babuscio, T.A. & Ball, S.A. (2014). Towards empirical identification of a reliable and clinically meaningful indicator of treatment outcome for illicit drug use.
  • Carroll, K.M, Kiluk, B.D., Nich, C., Gordon, M.A., Portnoy, G.A., Martino, D.R., & Ball, S.A. (2014). Computer-Assisted Delivery of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Efficacy and durability of CBT4CBT among cocaine-dependent individuals maintained on methadon
  • Kiluk, B.D.., Sugarman, D.E., Nich, C., Gibbons, C.R., Martino, S., Rounsaville, B.J. & Carroll, K.M. (2011). A methodological analysis of randomized clinical trials of computer-assisted therapies for psychiatric disorders: Towards improved standards fo
  • Carroll, K.M., Ball, S.A., Martino, S., Nich, C., Babuscio, T. A. & Rounsaville, B.J. (2009). Enduring effects of a computer-assisted training program for cognitive behavioral therapy: A six-month follow-up of CBT4CBT. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 100,
  • Carroll, K.M., Ball, S.A., Martino, S. Nich, C., Gordon, M.A., Portnoy, G.A. & Rounsaville, B.J. (2008). Computer-assisted delivery of cognitive behavioral therapy for addiction: A randomized trial of CBT4CBT. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 165:7
  • Carroll, K.M. & Rounsaville, B.J. (2007). A vision of the next generation of behavioral therapies research in the addictions. Addiction, 102, 850-862. PMCID: 2148498
  • Carroll, K.M. & Onken, L.S. (2005). Behavioral therapies for drug abuse (invited review for Special Series honoring 30th Anniversary of NIDA). American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 1452-1460
  • Carroll, K.M., Fenton, L.R., Ball, S.A., Nich, C., Frankforter, T.L., Shi, J. & Rounsaville, B.J. (2004). Efficacy of disulfiram and cognitive-behavioral therapy in cocaine-dependent outpatients: A randomized placebo-controlled trial. Archives of Gener
  • Carroll, K.M., Ball, S.A., Nich, C., O’Connor, P.G., Eagan, D., Frankforter, T.L., Triffleman, E.G., Shi, J. & Rounsaville, B.J. (2001). Targeting behavioral therapies to enhance naltrexone treatment of opioid dependence: Efficacy of contingency manageme
  • Carroll, K.M., Rounsaville, B.J., Nich, C., Gordon, L.T., Wirtz, P.W., & Gawin, F.H. (1994). One year follow-up of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy for cocaine dependence: Delayed emergence of psychotherapy effects. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51,
  • Carroll, K.M. (1997). Manual guided psychosocial treatment: A new virtual requirement for pharmacotherapy trials? Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 923-928.

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Contact Info

Kathleen M. Carroll, PhD
Office Location
VA Connecticut Healthcare
950 Campbell Avenue, Ste Bldg 35, S151D

West Haven, CT 06516
Mailing Address
Department of Psychiatry950 Campbell Avenue

West Haven, CT 06516

Psychotherapy Development Center