Health Promotion; Program Evaluation; Qualitative Research; Community-Based Participatory Research; Psychiatry and Psychology
Public Health Interests
Behavioral Health; Child Mental Health; Families; Health Services Research; Mental Health; Poverty; Psychological Trauma; Psychosocial risk factors; IPV (Interpersonal Violence)
Dr. Kaufman and her team conduct program evaluations, needs assessments, and evaluations of service delivery systems. The team provides consultation and technical support to state departments on issues such as the development of performance indicators, training and technical assistance plans to train community-based organizations to implement mandated reporting requirements, and utilizing data to inform program and policy development. In addition to our research on evaluation methodology our team works to identify risk and protective factors for children exposed to violence and for children at risk for severe emotional and behavioral difficulties.
Extensive Research Description
My research has had three major emphases: 1) evaluation of the implementation of programs and systems of care; 2) evaluation methodology, including the training of community members to conduct evaluations; and 3) the examination of the impact of exposure to violence on young children. This research has been funded by the National Institute of Justice; Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; Connecticut Department of Children and Families; Connecticut Department of Public Health, and Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services. Over the past 15 years, I have worked to develop and enhance a conceptual framework that guides the application of evaluation techniques and strategies. This framework, takes into account contextual factors and employs scientific rigor in the development and implementation of evaluations of community programs and systems of care. Over the past decade, I have also developed techniques to train community members in all aspects of evaluation and have, when possible, included client/consumer-led data collection in the evaluation of service delivery systems. Understanding the impact and incidence of children’s exposure to potentially traumatic events and the impact of this exposure on service outcomes is a third area of interest. For many years, I have embedded measures of children’s exposure to trauma in all my evaluation studies, and have used this data to understand the rate, type, and impact of this exposure on the receipt of services.
Currently I have three major studies underway. The first is the multi-site evaluation of the Domestic Violence Homicide Prevention Demonstration Initiative (DVHPDI) in which we are employing implementation science techniques to evaluate the implementation and outcomes of two promising practices to prevent domestic violence related homicides. The second study is an evaluation of Connecticut’s implementation of an integrated network of care for children with behavioral difficulties and their families. In this study, my team and I are examining the processes and outcomes related to the increased coordination of services provision at the state-level. This study also includes training family members and youth to collect data from their peers to examine consumer perceptions of the service delivery system. Finally, I am evaluating the outcomes of the implementation of two promising practices for children to reduce the impact of exposure to traumatic events. Future directions include further expansion of the work training community-members to conduct research through an application to the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) to improve healthcare systems for children. In addition, our work with the National Institute of Justice continues to grow with a promised expansion of our current funding to include at least 2 more years of additional support to evaluate another promising practice that seeks to reduce domestic violence homicide. Finally, we are continuing to disseminate our findings related to the service outcomes for children exposed to potentially traumatic events. Data elements related to children’s exposure to trauma are embedded in all of our evaluation protocols.
Stakeholders' perspectives on community-based participatory research to enhance mental health services.
Case, AD; Byrd, R; Claggett, E; DeVeaux, S; Perkins, R; Huang, C; Sernyak, MJ…..Kaufman, JS. Stakeholders’ Perspectives on Community-Based Participatory Research to Enhance Mental Health Services. American Journal of Community Psychology, 2014; DOI 10.1007/s10464-014-9677-8
- The mediating role of parenting stress for children exposed to trauma: Results from a school-based system of care. Whitson, ML, Bernard, S, Kaufman, JS. The mediating role of parenting stress for children exposed to trauma: Results from a school-based system of care. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2014, DOI: 10.1007/s10826-014-9922-7.
Health, ED use, and early identification of young children exposed to trauma.
Roberts, YH, Huang, CY, Crusto, CA, Kaufman, JS. Health, ED use, and early identification of young children exposed to trauma. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2014, DOI: 10.1016.
The moderating effect of family involvement on substance use risk factors in adolescents with severe emotional and behavioral challenges.
Schlauch, R., Levitt, A; Kaufman, JS. The moderating effect of family involvement on substance use risk factors in adolescents with severe emotional and behavioral challenges. Addictive Behaviors, 38, 2333-2342; 2012.
Exposure to potentially traumatic events and the behavioral health of children enrolled in an early childhood system of care.
Snyder, F., Roberts, Y. H., Crusto, C. A., Connell, C. M., Griffin, A., Finley, M. K., . . . Kaufman, JS. J Trauma Stress. 2012 Dec;25(6):700-4. doi: 10.1002/jts.21756.
- Traumatic impact of young children’s exposure to arrest. Roberts, YH; Crusto, CA; Kaufman, JS. Traumatic impact of young children’s exposure to arrest. Journal of Trauma and Treatment, 2012, 1:e108. doi:10.4172/2167-1222.1000e108
An examination of exposure to traumatic events and symptoms and strengths for children served in a behavioral health system of care.
Whitson, M; Connell, CM; Bernard, S; Kaufman, JS. An examination of exposure to traumatic events and symptoms and strengths for children served in a behavioral health system of care. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. 2012, 20(3), 193-207.
Characteristics of young children exposed to violence: The safe start demonstration project.
Kaufman, JS; Ortega, S; Schewe, PA; Kracke, K. Characteristics of young children exposed to violence: The safe start demonstration project. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2011, 26(10), 2042-2072.
Posttraumatic Stress among Young Urban Children Exposed to Family Violence and Other Potentially Traumatic Events.
Crusto, CA; Whitson, ML; Walling, SN; Feinn, R; Friedman, SR; Reynolds, J; Amer, M; Kaufman, JS. Posttraumatic Stress among Young Urban Children Exposed to Family Violence and Other Potentially Traumatic Events. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2010, 23(6), 716-724.
Patterns in office referral by grade, race/ethnicity and gender.
Kaufman, JS, Jaser, S, Vaughan, EL, Reynolds, J, DiDonoto, J, Bernard, S, Andersson, K, Brereton, M. Patterns in office referral by grade, race/ethnicity and gender. Journal of Positive Behavioral Interventions, 2010, 44-54.
Measuring Changes in Interagency Collaboration: An Examination of the Bridgeport Safe Start Initiative.
Friedman, SR; Reynolds, J; Call, S; Quan, M; Crusto, CA; Kaufman, JS. Measuring Changes in Interagency Collaboration: An Examination of the Bridgeport Safe Start Initiative. Evaluation and Program Planning, 2007, 30, 294-306.
Utilizing program evaluation as a strategy to promote community change: evaluation of a comprehensive, community-based, family violence initiative.
Kaufman, JS; Crusto, CA; Quan, M.; Ross, E.; Friedman, S.R.; O’Reilly, K.; Call S. Am J Community Psychol. 2006 Dec;38(3-4):191-200.
Full List of PubMed Publications
- Whitson ML, Kaufman JS: Parenting stress as a mediator of trauma exposure and mental health outcomes in young children. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2017; 2017 Jun 19. PMID: 28627899
- Vidal S, Prince D, Connell CM, Caron CM, Kaufman JS, Tebes JK: Maltreatment, family environment, and social risk factors: Determinants of the child welfare to juvenile justice transition among maltreated children and adolescents. Child Abuse Negl. 2017 Jan; 2016 Nov 22. PMID: 27886518
- Kaufman JS, Connell CM, Crusto CA, Gordon DM, Sartor CE, Simon P, Strambler MJ, Sullivan TP, Ward NL, Weiss NH, Tebes JK: Reflections on a Community Psychology Setting and the Future of the Field. Am J Community Psychol. 2016 Dec; 2016 Nov 24. PMID: 27883198
- Martino S, Zimbrean P, Forray A, Kaufman J, Desan P, Olmstead TA, Gueorguieva R, Howell H, McCaherty A, Yonkers KA: See One, Do One, Order One: a study protocol for cluster randomized controlled trial testing three strategies for implementing motivational interviewing on medical inpatient units. Implement Sci. 2015 Sep 29; 2015 Sep 29. PMID: 26420671
- Roberts YH, Huang CY, Crusto CA, Kaufman JS: Health, emergency department use, and early identification of young children exposed to trauma. J Emerg Med. 2014 May; 2014 Feb 22. PMID: 24565881
- Roberts YH, Snyder FJ, Kaufman JS, Finley MK, Griffin A, Anderson J, Marshall T, Radway S, Stack V, Crusto CA: Children exposed to the arrest of a family member: Associations with mental health. J Child Fam Stud. 2014 Feb 1. PMID: 24829537
- Huang CY, Costeines J, Ayala C, Kaufman JS: Parenting Stress, Social Support, and Depression for Ethnic Minority Adolescent Mothers: Impact on Child Development. J Child Fam Stud. 2014 Feb. PMID: 24653641
- Vaughan EL, Feinn R, Bernard S, Brereton M, Kaufman JS: Relationships between Child Emotional and Behavioral Symptoms and Caregiver Strain and Parenting Stress. J Fam Issues. 2013 Apr 1. PMID: 24707069
- Snyder FJ, Roberts YH, Crusto CA, Connell CM, Griffin A, Finley MK, Radway S, Marshall T, Kaufman JS: Exposure to traumatic events and the behavioral health of children enrolled in an early childhood system of care. J Trauma Stress. 2012 Dec. PMID: 23225035
- Roberts YH, Crusto CA, Kaufman JS: Traumatic Impact of Familial Arrest on Young Children. J Trauma Treat. 2012 Oct 9. PMID: 25411650
- Whitson ML, Connell CM, Bernard S, Kaufman JS: An Examination of Exposure to Traumatic Events and Symptoms and Strengths for Children Served in a Behavioral Health System of Care. J Emot Behav Disord. 2012 Sep 1. PMID: 25075170
- Kaufman JS, Ortega S, Schewe PA, Kracke K, Safe Start Demonstration Project Communities.: Characteristics of young children exposed to violence: the safe start demonstration project. J Interpers Violence. 2011 Jul; 2011 Jan 30. PMID: 21282120
- Whitson ML, Connell CM, Bernard S, Kaufman JS: The impact of youth and family risk factors on service recommendations and delivery in a school-based system of care. J Behav Health Serv Res. 2011 Apr. PMID: 20165927
- Whitson ML, Martinez A, Ayala C, Kaufman JS: Predictors of Parenting and Infant Outcomes for Impoverished Adolescent Parents. J Fam Soc Work. 2011. PMID: 25378892
- Crusto CA, Whitson ML, Walling SM, Feinn R, Friedman SR, Reynolds J, Amer M, Kaufman JS: Posttraumatic stress among young urban children exposed to family violence and other potentially traumatic events. J Trauma Stress. 2010 Dec; 2010 Nov 30. PMID: 21171132
- Kaufman JS, Jaser SS, Vaughan EL, Reynolds JS, Di Donato J, Bernard SN, Hernandez-Brereton M: Patterns in Office Referral Data by Grade, Race/Ethnicity and Gender. J Posit Behav Interv. 2010 Jan. PMID: 25580076
- Friedman SR, Reynolds J, Quan MA, Call S, Crusto CA, Kaufman JS: Measuring changes in interagency collaboration: an examination of the Bridgeport Safe Start Initiative. Eval Program Plann. 2007 Aug; 2007 Apr 19. PMID: 17689334
- Kaufman JS, Crusto CA, Quan M, Ross E, Friedman SR, O'Rielly K, Call S: Utilizing program evaluation as a strategy to promote community change: evaluation of a comprehensive, community-based, family violence initiative. Am J Community Psychol. 2006 Dec. PMID: 17086485