My research focuses on how close relationships impact mental and physical well-being. In particular, I am interested in how the repeated interactions, shared environment, and mutual influence associated with long-term close relationships impact mental and physical health.
Extensive Research Description
While there is a long history of research in the close relationships that shape children as they develop (e.g., parent-child relationships), there is a rapidly expanding body of research demonstrating that close relationships continue to exert strong influences on both physical and mental health into adulthood. My research aim is to uncover how close social relationships can augment, maintain, or deplete adults' psychological health over time. I believe that rigorous empirical investigation of social relationship processes is essential to a better understanding of and effective psychosocial intervention for many psychological disorders.
My statistical training in multilevel modeling has been an essential part of my research: the questions I am most interested in cannot be answered without the use of longitudinal and dyadic multilevel methods. These methods are invaluable in translating complex theories of social influence into testable statistical models, allowing for modeling change over time, bidirectional influence between partners, and testing the interaction of variables at multiple levels (e.g. individual, family, time). Such methods garner more nuanced information from quantitative data than traditional statistical techniques can. I have benefited from training in such methods and will continue to learn how to apply advanced statistical techniques to the task of understanding the nature of, and variation within, close relationships over time.
My current postdoctoral research at the Yale Stress Center with Dr. Emily Ansell involves the analysis of intensive longitudinal, or diary, data to examine how interpersonal stress impacts alcohol craving and use. My project focuses on the impact of social rejection on HPA dysfuction and perceived stress.
I also currently work with Dr. Rani Hoff studying how processes within marriage and cohabiting partnerships are implicated in PTSD recovery in returning combat veterans.
- Laws, H. B., Mazure, C. L., McKee, S. A., Park, C. L., & Hoff, R. (In Press). Within-unit relationship quality mediates the association between military sexual trauma and posttraumatic stress symptoms in veterans separating from military service. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.
- Laws, H. B., Constantino, M. J., Sayer, A. G., Klein, D. N., Kocsis, J. H., Manber, R., Markowitz, J. C., Rothbaum, B. O., Steidtmann, D., Thase, M. E., & Arnow, B. A. (In Press). Convergence in patient-therapist therapeutic alliance ratings and its relation to outcome in chronic depression treatment. Psychotherapy Research.
- Raposa, E. B., Laws, H. B., Ansell, E. B. (In Press). Prosocial behavior mitigates the negative effects of stress in daily life. Clinical Psychological Science.
- Laws, H. B., Sayer, A. G., & Pietromonaco, P. R., Powers, S. I. (2015). Longitudinal changes in spouses’ HPA Responses: Convergence in cortisol patterns during the early years of marriage. Health Psychology, 34(1), 1076-1089. doi: 10.1037/hea0000235
- Ansell, E. A., Laws, H. B., Roche, M. J., & Sinha, R. (2015). Effects of marijuana use on impulsivity and hostility in daily life. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 148, 136-142. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.12.029
- Constantino, M. J., Greenberg, R. P., & Laws, H. B. (2014). To prevent depression recurrence, interpersonal psychotherapy is a first-line treatment with long-term benefits: Algorithm helps determine when behavioral therapy, medication are appropriate. Current Psychiatry, 13(4), 33.
- Metcalfe, L. A., Harvey, E. A., & Laws, H. B. (2013). The longitudinal relation between academic/cognitive skills and externalizing behavior problems in preschool children. Journal of Educational Psychology, 105, 881-894. doi:10.1037/a0032624
- Laurent, H. M., Powers, S. I., Laws, H., Gunlicks-Stoessel, M., Bent, E., Balaban, S. (2013). HPA regulation and dating couples’ behaviors during conflict: Gender-specific associations and cross-partner interactions. Physiology & Behavior, 118, 218-226. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2013.05.037
- Constantino, M. J., Laws, H. B., Arnow, B. A., Klein, D. N., Rothbaum, B. O., & Manber, R. (2012). The relation between changes in patients' interpersonal impact messages and outcome in treatment for chronic depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 80, 354-364. doi:10.1037/a0028351.