Menopause, the permanent end to menstruation and fertility at mid-life, is caused by lack of estrogen. Estrogen loss causes many problems as one enters this stage of life, affecting the heart, bone, brain, skin and other organs.

Although the age of menopause has not changed in several hundred years, the life expectancy of women has nearly doubled in the 20th century. Today women in developed countries live approximately 1/3 of their lives in menopause.

The Yale Reproductive Endocrinology Menopausal Therapy Program offers counseling, testing and intervention for women undergoing menopause. We seek to proactively address multiple issues associated with menopause, including:

  • cardiovascular disease
  • osteoporosis
  • effects of estrogen deprivation on the brain (hot flushes, mood changes, sleep disturbances), skin and other organs.

We offer counseling about the risks and benefits of hormone replacement and discussion of alternatives.

For more information, visit the Yale Medical Group's Menopause online health resource.