Violence and Health

In its seminal 2002 World Report on Violence and Health, WHO described violence as a public health problem, estimated its scope and magnitude, and categorized it into self-directed, interpersonal and collective violence. The WHO called upon public health professionals to become more engaged in examining the causes and consequences of violence and to develop strategies to prevent it. Violent conflict, a form of collective violence has been increasingly recognized as a leading cause of excess mortality and morbidity in some regions and populations of the world. This new academic field is in need of more empirical studies as well as theoretical and conceptual frameworks to guide the empirical studies.  I am currently involved in several projects related to violent conflict and health in Lebanon. I am the principal investigator of a pilot study of "Rapid Assessment and Response to Substance Use and Risk of HIV and other Blood-borne Infections among Lebanese nationals and Displaced Populations in Lebanon” and an investigator on a study "Addressing Disparities in HIV Testing and Care among Displaced Men who have Sex with Men in Lebanon.”   I am also involved in a multi-university project (Collaboration for Health Education in Conflict, CHEC) which provides free, online, academic health science and intensive English language courses to over 500 Syrian medical students inside Syria who live in opposition controlled areas. I teach a course entitled: “Responding to Violent Conflict: Epidemiological Methods & Public Health Interventions” which focuses on the use of epidemiological methods in investigating and responding to specific health consequences of violent conflicts, including infectious diseases, mental health, maternal/child health, and chronic health problems. The course has a focus on the Middle East and North Africa region.

Publications

Breanna Y. Jedrzejewski, Kristopher Fennie, Kaveh Khoshnood. Violence Against Trafficked and Non-Trafficked Sex Workers in Poland. Journal of Human Trafficking. 5 October 2016. Pages 1-14.

Ali M. Shotar, Sukaina Alzyoud, Arwa Oweis, Khalid A. Alhawamdeh, Kaveh Khoshnood. Sexual Offenses Among Children in the North of Jordan: An Exploratory Study. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse. Vol. 24, Iss. 5, 2015

Lee BX, Leckman JF, Khoshnood K (eds). Special issue (12 reviews): Violence, health and South-North collaboration. Soc Sci Med. Volume 146, December 2015, Pages 236–242. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.10.029.

Jefee-Bahloul H and Khoshnood K (2014) Mental health research in the Syrian humanitarian crisis. Front. Public Health 2:44. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2014.00044. PMCID: PMC4032903.

Helen Jack, Amelia Reese Masterson, Kaveh Khoshnood. Violent conflict and opiate use in low and middle-income countries: A systematic review. International Journal of Drug Policy. (25) 2014. 196-203

Molly Moran, Kaveh Khoshnood, Tarik M. Ramahi, Marwan Khawaja, Marcia Inhorn. Violent Conflict and Population Health in the Middle East. Editorial: Special Issue of Journal Global Public Health on Violent Conflict and Population Health in the Middle East. Vol. 6, No. 5, July 2011, 467-471.

Farnoosh Hashemian, Kaveh Khoshnood, Mayur M. Desai, Farahnaz Falahati, Stanislav Kasl, Steven Southwick. Anxiety, Depression, and Posttraumatic Stress in Iranian Survivors of Chemical Warfare. JAMA. 2006;296(5):560-566

Book Chapters

Kaveh Khoshnood, Cindy Sousa, Kirsty Clark. Ethical Issues in Conducting Research in Conflict Settings: Case Studies from Middle East.  Ethical Issues in Research in the Middle East.”  Editors: Henry Silverman (University of Maryland), Thalia Arwai (AUB). Publisher: Springer

Kaveh Khoshnood, Bandy Lee, Chanel Marin.  Health Effects of War on Civilians in Conflict Zones. Preventing War and Promoting Peace: A Guide for Health Professionals.  Editors: William H. Wiist (Northern Arizona University) and Shelley K. White (Worcester State University). Publisher: Cambridge University Press.

M. Claire Greene, Jeremy C. Kane, Noa Krawczyk, Felicity Brown, Laura Murray, Kaveh Khoshnood, Wietse A. Tol. Alcohol and Drug Misuse Interventions in Conflict-affected populations. In Mental health in refugee and post-conflict populations.

Kaveh Khoshnood, Alison Mosier-Mills, Veena Pillai, Satya Raghuvanshi.  Methodological and Ethical Challenges in Research with Refugee and other Displaced Populations: Case studies from Malaysia and Lebanon. In The Health of Refugees: Public Health Perspectives from Crisis to Settlement. Publisher: Oxford University Press.