1. Zaveri HP, Pincus SM, Goncharova II, Novotny EJ, Duckrow RB, Spencer DD, Blumenfeld H and Spencer SS. Background intracranial EEG spectral changes with anti-epileptic drug taper. Clinical Neurophysiology, 121(3):311-7. 2010. Link.
  1. Zaveri HP, Frei MG, Arthurs S, Osorio I, Seizure prediction: The Fourth International Workshop, Epilepsy and Behavior, 19(1):1-3, 2010. Link.
  1. Frei MG, Zaveri HP, Arthurs S, Bergey GK, Jouny C, Lehnertz K, Gotman J, Osorio I, Netoff TI, Freeman WJ, Jefferys J, Worrell G, Le Van Quyen M, Schiff SJ, Mormann F,Controversies in epilepsy - debates held during the Fourth International Workshop on Seizure Prediction, Epilepsy and Behavior, 19(1):4-16, 2010. Link.
  1. Arthurs S, Zaveri HP, Frei MG, and Osorio I, Patient and caregiver perspectives on seizure prediction, Epilepsy and Behavior, 19(3):474-7, 2010. Link.
  1. Yang L, Morland TB, Schmits K, Rawson E, Narasimhan P, Motelow JE, Purcaro MJ, Peng K, Raouf S, Desalvo MN, Oh T, Wilkerson J, Bod J, Srinivasan A, Kurashvili P, Anaya J, Manza P, Danielson N, Ransom CB, Huh L, Elrich S, Padin-Rosado J, Naidu Y, Detyniecki K, Hamid H, Farooque P, Astur R, Xiao B, Duckrow RB, Blumenfeld H, A prospective study of loss of consciousness in epilepsy using virtual reality driving simulation and other video games, Epilepsy and Behavior, 18(3): 238-46,2010. Link.
  1. Englot DJ, Yang L, Hamid H, Danielson N, Bai X, Marfeo A, Yu L, Gordon A, Purcaro MJ, Motelow JE, Agarwal R, Ellens DJ, Golomb JD, Shamy MCF, Zhang H, Carlson C, Doyle W, Devinsky O, Vives K, Spencer DD, Spencer SS, Schevon C, Zaveri HP, and Blumenfeld H, Impaired consciousness in temporal lobe seizures:  Role of cortical slow activity, Brain, 133 (Pt 12): 3764-77, 2010. Link.
  1. Zaveri HP and Duckrow RB, Comment on intracranial evidence for the far-field effect of a dipole. Clinical Neurophysiology, 121(2): 262-3, 2010. Link.
  1. Zaveri HP, Arthurs S, Frei MG, Osorio I, Report on the Fourth International Workshop on Seizure Prediction, Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Epileptologie, 23(3): 204-206, 2010. Link
  1. A Panday, B Joshi, A Ravindran,  J Byun, HP Zaveri, Study of data locality for real-time biomedical signal processing of streaming data on Cell Broadband Engine, Proceedings of IEEE SoutheastCon 2010 (SoutheastCon), 2010, pp. 123– 126. Link.
  1. Duncan D, Duckrow RB, Coifman RR, Zaveri HP, Intracranial EEG evaluation of a resting state network, Challenges of Modern Technology, 1(1): 27-29, 2010.



  1. Zaveri HP, Pincus SM, Goncharova II, Duckrow RB, Spencer DD, and Spencer SS.Localization-related epilepsy exhibits significant connectivity away from the seizure onset area. NeuroReport, 20 (9):91-5, 2009. Link.

  2. Goncharova II, HP Zaveri, RB Duckrow, EJ Novotny, and SS Spencer. Spatial distribution of intracranially recorded spikes in medial and lateral temporal epilepsies. Epilepsia, 50(12): 2575-85, 2009. Link.

  3. Zaveri HP, SM Pincus, II Goncharova, EJ Novotny, RB Duckrow, DD Spencer, and SS Spencer, A decrease in EEG energy accompanies anti-epileptic drug taper during intracranial monitoring. Epilepsy Research, 86(2-3): 153-62, 2009. Link.

  4. Zaveri HP, RB Duckrow, and SS Spencer, Concerning the observation of an electrical potential at a distance from an intracranial electrode contact. Clinical Neurophysiology, 120(10): 1873-5, 2009. Link.

  5. Pan JW, HP Zaveri, DD Spencer, HP Hetherington and SS Spencer, Intracranial EEG power and metabolism in human epilepsy, Epilepsy Research, 87(1):18-24, 2009. Link.

  6. Wang Y, HP Zaveri, TW Lee and T Eid, The development of recurrent seizures after continuous intrahippocampal infusion of methionine sulfoximine in rats: a video-intracranial electroencephalographic study, Experimental Neurology, 220(2): 293-302, 2009. Link.

  7. Blumenfeld H, Varghese G, Purcaro MJ, Motelow JE, Enev M, McNally KA, Levin AR, Hirsch L, Tilofsky R, Zubal IG, Paige AL, Spencer SS. Cortical and subcortical networks in human secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Brain, 132 (Pt 4): 999-1012, 2009. Link.

  8. Varghese G, Purcaro MJ, Motelow JE, Enev M, McNally KA, Levin AR, Hirsch L, Tilofsky R, Paige AL, Zubal IG, Spencer SS, Blumenfeld H. Clinical use of ictal SPECT in secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Brain 132 (Pt 8): 2102-13, 2009. Link.

  9. Spencer SS, Nguyen D, Duckrow RB. Invasive EEG in presurgical evaluation of epilepsy. In: Shorvon S, Perucca E, Engel J (Eds). Treatment of Epilepsy, 3rd Edition. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2009. Link.



  1. Pan JW, A Williamson, I Cavus, HP Hetherington, HP Zaveri, OAC Petroff, DD Spencer,Neurometabolism in human epilepsy, Epilepsia, 49 (Suppl. 3): 31-41, 2008. Link.

  2. Durazzo TS, SS Spencer, RB Duckrow, EJ Novotny, DD Spencer and HP Zaveri.Temporal distributions of seizure occurrence from various epileptogenic regions. Neurology, 70:1265-1271, 2008. Link.

  3. Meltzer JA, HP Zaveri, II Goncharova, MM Distasio, X Papademetris, SS Spencer, DD Spencer and RT Constable. Effects of working memory load on oscillatory power in human intracranial EEG. Cerebral Cortex, 18(8):1843-55, 2008. Link.

  4. Gwinn RP, DD Spencer, SS Spencer, RB Duckrow, K Vives, K Wu, D Tkeshelashvili and HP Zaveri. Local spatial effect of 50 Hz cortical stimulation in humans. Epilepsia, 49(9):1602-1610, 2008. Link.

  5. Cavus I, JW Pan, HP Hetherington, W Abi-Saab, HP Zaveri, KP Vives, JH Krystal, SS Spencer and DD Spencer. Decreased hippocampal volume on MRI is associated with increased extracellular glutamate in epilepsy patients. Epilepsia, 49(8): 1358-1366, 2008. Link.

  6. Spencer SS, II Goncharova, RB Duckrow, EJ Novotny and HP Zaveri. Interictal spikes on intracranial recording - behavior, physiology and implications. Epilepsia, 49(11): 1881-1892, 2008. Link.

  7. Eid T, A Ghosh, Y Wang, H Beckström, HP Zaveri, TW Lee, JCK Lai, GH Malthankar-Phatak and NC de Lanerolle. Recurrent seizures and brain pathology after inhibition of glutamine synthetase in the hippocampus in rats. Brain, 131(8):2061-2070, 2008. Link.

  8. Spencer SS. Gamma knife radiosurgery for refractory medial temporal lobe epilepsy: Too little too late? (Editorial) Neurology 2008;70:1654-1655. Link.

  9. Spencer SS, Huh L. Outcomes of epilepsy surgery in adults and children. Lancet Neurology 2008;7:525-537. Link.

  10. Guile C, Spencer SS, Cavus I, Pan J, Epperson CN. The role of sex steroids in catamenial epilepsy and premenstrual dysphoric disorder: Implications for diagnosis and treatment. Epilepsy and Behavior 2008;13:12-24. Link.

  11. Zaveri HP, MG Frei and I Osorio. State of seizure prediction: A report on informal discussions with participants of the Third International Workshop on Seizure Prediction. Seizure Prediction in Epilepsy: From Basic Mechanisms to Clinical Applications, Eds B Schelter, J Timmer and A Schulze-Bonhage, Wiley, 2008. Link.

  12. Zaveri HP, SM Pincus, II Goncharova, RB Duckrow, and SS Spencer, Large scale brain networks in epilepsy. Proceedings of SPIE: Advanced Signal Processing Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations XVIII, SPIE Symposium on Optical Engineering and Applications, San Diego, CA, 2008. Link.

  13. Spencer SS, Sperling MK, Shewmon DA, Kahane P. Intracranial electrodes. In: Engel J Jr, Pedley TA (Eds). Epilepsy, A Comprehensive Textbook, chapter 171, 2nd Edition. Lipincott Williams, and Wilkins, New York, 2008:1791-1815. Link.



  1. Blumenfeld H, M Rivera, JG Vasquez, A Shah, D Ismail, M Enev and HP Zaveri.Neocortical and thalamic spread of amygdala kindled seizures. Epilepsia, 48(2):254-262, 2007. Link.

  2. Duckrow RB, Tcheng TK.  Daily variation in an intracranial EEG feature in humans detected by a responsive neurostimulator system. Epilepsia 48(8):1614-1620, 2007. Link.

  3. Spencer SS. Epilepsy: Clinical Observations and Novel Mechanisms. Lancet Neurology, 2007;6:14-16. Link.

  4. Langfitt JT, Hollway RG, McDermott MP, Messing S, LaDue K, Sperling MR, Spencer SS, Bazil CW, Shinnar S, Bert AT, Vickrey BG. Healthcare Costs Decline after Successful Epilepsy Surgery: A U.S. Multicenter Study. Neurology, 2007;68:1290-98. Link.

  5. Berg AT, Langfitt JT, Spencer SS, Vickrey BG. Stopping Antiepileptic Drugs after Epilepsy Surgery: A Survey of U.S. Epilepsy Center Neurologists. Epilepsy and Behavior, 2007;10:219-22. Link.

  6. Spencer SS, Berg AT, Vickrey BG, Sperling MR, Bazil CW, Haut S, Langfitt JT, Walczak TS, Devinsky O. Health Related Quality of Life Over Time Since Resective Surgery. Ann Neurol, 2007; 62:327-34. Link.

  7. Langfitt JT, Westerveld M, Hamberger MT, Walczak TS, Cicchetti DV, Berg AT, Vickrey BG, Barr WB, Sperling MR, Masur D, Spencer SS. Worsening of Quality of Life after Epilepsy Surgery. Effect of Seizures and Memory Decline. Neurology, 2007;68:1988-1994. Link.

  8. Chin PS, Berg AT, Spencer SS, Sperling MR, Haut SR, Langfitt JT, Bazil CR, Walczak TS, Pacia, SV, Vickrey BG. Employment Outcomes Following Resective Epilepsy Surgery. Epilepsia, 2007;48:2253-7. Link.

  9. Epilepsy Epilepsy in Women: Care and Management (Current Clinical Neurology), Editors: Krishnamurthy KB and Spencer SS, Humana Press, 2007. Link.

  10. Spencer SS. Seizures and Epilepsy. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D. Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 23rd Edition. Philadelphia, Elsevier, 2007. Link.



  1. Zaveri HP, RB Duckrow and SS Spencer. On the use of bipolar montages for time-series analysis of intracranial electroencephalograms. Clinical Neurophysiology, 117: 2102-2108, 2006. Link.

  2. Berg AT, Vickrey BG, Langfitt JT, Sperling MR, Shinnar S, Bazil C, Walczak T, Spencer SS. Reduction of AEDs in Postsurgical Patients Who Attain Remission. Epilepsia, 2006;47:64-71. Link.

  3. Cicchetti D, Bronen R, Spencer S, Haut S, Berg A, Oliver P, Tyrer P. Rating Scales, Scales of Measurement, Issues of Reliability: Resolving some Critical Issues for Clinicians and Researchers. J Nerv Ment Dis, 2006;194:557-564. Link.

  4. Chin PS, Berg AT, Spencer SS, Lee ML, Shinnar S, Langfitt JT, Walczak TS, Pacia SV, Bazil CW, Vassar S, Vickrey BG. Patient-perceived Impact of Resective Epilepsy Surgery. Neurology, 2006;66:1882-1887. Link.

  5. Malthankar-Phatak GH, deLanerolle N, Eid T, Spencer DD, Behar KL, Spencer SS, Kim JH, Lei JCK. Differential Glutamate Dehydrogenase (GDH) Activity Profile in Patients with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 2006;47:1292-1299. Link.

  6. Lee TS, Bjornsen LP, Paz C, Kim JA, Spencer SS, Spencer DD, Eid T, deLanerolle NC.GAT1 and GAT3 Expression are Differently Localized in the Human Epileptogenic Hippocampus. Acta Neuropathologica, 2006;111:351-63. Link.

  7. Langfitt JT, Vickrey BG, McDermott MP, Messing S, Berg AT, Spencer SS, Sperling MRP, Bazil CW, Shinnar S. Validity and Responsiveness of Generic Preference-based HRQOL Instruments in Chronic Epilepsy. Qual Life Res, 2006;15:899-914. Link.

  8. Theodore WH, Spencer SS, Wiebe S, Langfitt JT, Ali A, Shafer PO, Berg AT, Vickrey BG.Epilepsy in North America: A Report Prepared Under the Auspices of the Global Campaign against Epilepsy, the International League against Epilepsy, and the World Health Organization. Epilepsia, 2006;47:1700-22. Link.

  9. Scharff E, X Papademetris, HP Hetherington, JW Pan, HP Zaveri, H Blumenfeld, RB Duckrow, SS Spencer, DD Spencer, JS Duncan and EJ Novotny. Correlation of magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging and intracranial EEG localization of seizures. Third IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, 2006. Link.

  10. Papademetris X, KP Vives, M DiStasio, LH Staib, M Neff, S Flossman, N Frielinghaus, HP Zaveri, EJ Novotny, H Blumenfeld, RT Constable, HP Hetherington, RB Duckrow, SS Spencer, DD Spencer and JS Duncan. Development of a research interface for image guided intervention: Initial application to epilepsy neurosurgery. Third IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, 2006. Link.

  11. Fertig E, Spencer SS. Hippocampal Sclerosis and Dual Pathology. In: Wylie E (Ed). The Treatment of Epilepsy: Principles and Practice, 4th Edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2006:1069-1086. Link.

  12. Berg AT, Spencer SS. What is the Best Way to Judge Outcome? In: Miller J, Silbergeld D (Eds). Epilepsy Surgery: Principles and Controversies. New York, Taylor and Francis, 2006:633-639. Link.

  13. Spencer SS. The Role of Surgery in Bitemporal Epilepsy. In: Miller J, Silbergeld D (Eds). Epilepsy Surgery: Principles and Controversies. New York, Taylor and Francis, 2006:495-497. Link.



  1. Duckrow RB and HP Zaveri. Coherence of the electroencephalogram during the first sleep cycle. Clinical Neurophysiology 116(5):1088-95, 2005. Link.

  2. Cohen-Gadol AA, Bradley CC, Williamson A, Kim JH, Westerveld M, Duckrow RB, Spencer DD.  Normal magnetic resonance imaging and medial temporal lobe epilepsy: the clinical syndrome of paradoxical temporal lobe epilepsy. J. Neurosurg. 102(5):902-909, 2005. Link.

  3. McNally KA, Paige AL, Varghese G, Zhang H, Novotny EJ, Spencer SS, Zubal IG, Blumenfeld H. Localizing Value of Ictal-Interictal SPECT Analyzed by SPM (ISAS). Epilepsia, 2005;46:1450-1464. Link.

  4. Spencer SS, Berg AT, Vickrey BG, Sperling MR, Bazil CW, Shinnar S, Langfitt JT, Walczak TS, Pacia SV. Predicting Long-term Seizure Outcome after Resective Epilepsy Surgery: The Multicenter Study. Neurology, 2005;65:912-918. Link.

  5. Devinsky O, Barr WB, Vickrey BG, Berg AT, Pacia SV, Bazil CW, Langfitt JT, Walczak TS, Sperling MR, Shinnars, Spencer SS. Changes in Depression and Anxiety after Resective Surgery for Epilepsy. Neurology, 2005;65:1744-1749. Link.



  1. Kossof EH, Ritzl EK, Politsky J, Murro AM, Smith JR, Duckrow RB, Spencer DD, Bergey GK.  Effect of an external responsive neurostimulator on seizures and electrographic discharges during subdural electrode monitoring. Epilepsia 45(12):1560-1567, 2004.

  2. Foldvary-Schaefer N, Bautista J, Andermann F, Cascino G, Jackson G, Spencer S.Focal Malformations of Cortical Development. Neurology, 2004;62 (Suppl 3):S14-19

  3. Blumenfeld H, McNally KA, Vanderhill SD, Paige AL, Chung R, Davis K, Norden AD, Stokking R, Studholme C, Novotny EJ, Zubal IG, Spencer SS. Positive and Negative Network Correlations in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Cerebral Cortex, 2004;14:892-902

  4. Ahmed N, Spencer SS. An Approach to the Evaluation of a Patient for Seizures and Epilepsy. WMJ, 2004;103:49-55

  5. Blumenfeld H, Rivera M, McNally K, Davis K, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. Ictal Neocortical Slowing in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Neurology, 2004;63:1015-1021

  6. Nguyen D, Spencer SS. Invasive EEG in Presurgical Evaluation. In: Shorvon S, Fish DR, Perucca E, Dodson WE (Eds). The Treatment of Epilepsy, 2nd Edition. Blackwell, Oxford, 2004:609-634



  1. NC de Lanerolle, JH Kim, A Williamson, SS Spencer, HP Zaveri, T Eid and DD Spencer.A retrospective analysis of hippocampal pathology and human temporal lobe epilepsy: Evidence for distinctive patient subcategories. Epilepsia 44(5):677-87, 2003.

  2. Oncken CA, Duckrow RB. Seizure associated with sleep deprivation and sustained-release bupropion. Nicotine Tob. Res. 5(1):131-133, 2003.

  3. Duckrow RB, Albano AM.  Comment on "Performance of different synchronization measures in real data: A case study on electroencephalographic signals." Physical Review E 67, 063901, 2003.

  4. Berg AT, Langfitt J, Shinnar S, Vickrey BG, Sperling MR, Walczak T, Bazil C, Pacia SV, Spencer SS. How Long Does it Take for Partial Epilepsy to Become Intractable? Neurology, 2003;60:186-190

  5. Motamedi M, Nguyen DK, Zaatreh M, Singh SP, Westerveld M, Thompson JL, Mattson RH, Blumenfeld H, Novotny EJ, Spencer SS. Levetiracetam Efficacy in Refractory Partial Onset Seizures, Especially after Failed Epilepsy Surgery. Epilepsia, 2003;44:211-214

  6. Nguyen DK, Singh S, Zaatreh MM, Novotny E, Levy S, Testa F, Spencer SS.Hypothalamic Hamartomas: 7 Cases and Review of the Literature. Epilepsy and Behavior, 2003;4:246-258

  7. Chavel SM, Westerveld M, Spencer SS. Long-term Outcome of Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Refractory Partial Epilepsy. Epilepsy and Behavior, 2003;4:302-309

  8. Zaatreh MM, Firlik KS, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. Temporal Lobe Tumoral Epilepsy: Characteristics and Predictors of Outcome. Neurology, 2003;61:636-641

  9. Yoon HH, Kwon HL, Mattson RH, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. Long-term Seizure Outcome in Patients Initially Seizure-free after Resective Epilepsy Surgery. Neurology, 2003;61:445-450

  10. Nguyen DK, Spencer SS. Recent Advances in the Treatment of Epilepsy. Arch Neurol, 2003;60:929-935

  11. Blumenfeld H, Westerveld M, Ostroff RB, Vanderhill SP, Freeman J, Necochea A, Uranga P, Tanhehco T, Smith A, Seibyl JP, Stokking R, Studholme C, Spencer SS, Zubal IG.Selective Frontal, Parietal and Temporal Network Activation in Generalized Seizures. NeuroImage, 2003;19:1556-1566

  12. Berg AT, Vickrey BG, Langfitt J, Sperling MR, Walczak T, Shinnar S, Bazil C, Pacia SV, Spencer SS. The Multicenter Study of Epilepsy Surgery: Recruitment and Selection for Surgery. Epilepsia, 2003;44:1425-1433

  13. Spencer SS, Berg AT, Vickrey BG, Sperling MR, Bazil CW, Shinnar S, Langfitt JT, Walczak TS, Pacia SV, Ebrahimi N, Frobish D. Initial Outcomes in the Multicenter Study of Epilepsy Surgery. Neurology, 2003;61:1680-1685

  14. Kasowski HJ, Stoffman MR, Spencer SS, Spencer DD. Surgical Management of Parietal Lobe Epilepsy. In: Seigel AM, Andersen RA, Freund HJ, Spencer DD. Advances in Neurology, Vol. 93: The Parietal Lobes. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2003: 347-356



  1. DJ Chang, Zubal IG, Gottschalk C, Necochea A, Stokking R, Studholme C, Corsi M, Slawski J, Spencer S, Blumenfeld H. Comparison of Statistical Parametric Mapping and SPECT Difference Imaging in Patients with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 2002;43:68-74

  2. SS Spencer, Schramm J, Wyler A, O’Connor M, Orbach D, Krauss G, Sperling M, Devinsky O, Elger C, Lesser R, Mulligan L, Westerveld M. Multiple Subpial Transection for Intractable Partial Epilepsy: An International Meta-analysis. Epilepsia, 2002;43:141-145

  3. SS Spencer. Neural Networks in Human Epilepsy: Evidence and Implications for Treatment. Epilepsia, 2002;43:219-227

  4. MM Zaatreh, Spencer DD, Thompson JL, Blumenfeld H, Novotny EJ, Mattson RH, Spencer SS. Frontal Lobe Tumoral Epilepsy: Clinical, Neuropsychological Features and Predictors of Surgical Outcome. Epilepsia, 2002;43:727-733

  5. SR Haut, Swick C, Freeman K, Spencer S. Seizure Clustering During Epilepsy Monitoring. Epilepsia, 2002;43:711-715

  6. SR Haut, Berg AT, Shinnar S, Cohen H, Bazil CW, Sperling MR, Langfitt JT, Pacia SV, Walczak TS, Spencer SS. Interrater Reliability among Epilepsy Centers: Multicenter Study of Epilepsy Surgery. Epilepsia, 2002;43:1396-1401

  7. SS Spencer. When Should Temporal Lobe Epilepsy be Treated Surgically?Lancet Neurology, 2002;1:375-382

  8. SS Spencer, Spencer DD. Apparent Bitemporal Epileptogenicity. In: Elisevich K, Smith B (Eds). Epilepsy Surgery: Case Rounds. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, 2002;186-198

  9. SS Spencer, Lee SA. Epilepsy Surgery in Patients with Non-lesional Focal Epilepsy: Invasive Evaluation. In: Luders H (Ed.) Epilepsy Surgery, 2nd Edition. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, 2002;1026-1033



  1. L Mulligan, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. Multiple Subpial Transections - the Yale experience. Epilepsia, 2001;42:226-229

  2. HP Zaveri, RB Duckrow, N de Lanerolle and SS Spencer. Distinguishing subtypes of temporal lobe epilepsy with background hippocampal activity. Epilepsia 42(6):725-730, 2001.

  3. RA Avery, Zubal IG, Studholme C, Slawski J, Corsi M, Spencer DD, Spencer SS.Interictal 99m Tc-HMPAO SPECT in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Relation to Clinical Variables. Epilepsia, 2001;42:869-874

  4. MP Jacobs, Fischbach GD, Davis MR, Dichter MA, Dingledine R, Lowenstein DH, Morrell MJ, Noebels JL, Rogawski MA, Spencer SS, Theodore WH. Future Directions for Epilepsy Research. Views and reviews. Neurology, 2001;57:1536-1542

  5. SP Ringel, Steiner JF, Vickrey BG, Spencer SS. Training Clinical Researchers in Neurology: We Must Do Better. Neurology, 2001;57:388-392

  6. SS Spencer. 50th Anniversary Highlights: Epilepsy. Neurology, 2001;57(Suppl 4):S1-S4

  7. SS Spencer, Novotny E, deLanerolle N, Kim J. Mesial Temporal Sclerosis: Electro-clinical and Pathological Correlations and Applications to Limbic Epilepsy in Children. In: Limbic Seizures in Children. Avanzini G, Beaumanoir A, Mira L (Eds). John Libbey & Co. Ltd., London, 2001: 44-54