Anatomy; Spine; Health Care
Dr. Grauer's laboratory performs multiple studies critically evaluating aspects of orthopedic and spine clinical practice.
Extensive Research Description
Dr. Grauer directs an active research group that focuses on clinical outcomes of spine and orthopaedic patients. In an era of striving to optimize patient outcomes, it is crucial that we learn from our patients to advance clinical care.
National databases track large numbers of patients and allow for the study of such outcomes. Dr. Grauer works closely with his student and resident team to draw clinically meaningful messages from large data sets. What patients will do best from an intervention? Which technique is best for which person? Who is at risk for an adverse event? These are just some of the questions being addressed.
As with any type of research, studies based on national databases have both advantages and limitations. Balancing the use of such databases, Dr. Grauer’s team works to delineate the limitation of national database work and strives to optimize studies based on their data. In doing so, they work to draw the most meaningful and valid conclusions possible.
In addition to the above-noted studies, Dr. Grauer’s team is active with studies looking at patients treated locally. With studies evaluating diagnostic imaging modalities, patient characteristics, and patient outcomes, they are able to study more detailed local data.
Overall, Dr. Grauer mentors many Yale medical students and fellows in performing research studies. The team has received multiple awards. He and his group have given over 250 research talks at national and international meetings, and co-authored over 150 peer-reviewed scientific papers.
- Fu MC, Buerba RA, Neway WE 3rd, Brown JE, Trivedi M, Lischuk AW, Haims AH, Grauer JN. Three-Dimensional Isotropic MRI of the Cervical Spine: A Diagnostic Comparison With Conventional MRI. Clinical Spine Surgery 2016; 29: 66-71.
- Bohl DD, Mayo BC, Massel DH, Iantorno SE, Ahn J, Basques BA, Grauer JN, Singh K. Incidence and Risk Factors for Pneumonia After Posterior Lumbar Fusion Procedures: An ACS-NSQIP Study. Spine 2016; 41: 1058-1063.
- Lukasiewicz AM, Bohl DD, Varthi AG, Basques BA, Webb ML, Samuel AM, Grauer JN. How do Orthopaedic Devices Change After Their Initial FDA Premarket Approval? Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 2016; 474: 1053-1068.
- Lukasiewicz AM, Bohl DD, Varthi AG, Basques BA, Webb ML, Samuel AM, Grauer JN. Spinal Fracture in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis: Cohort Definition, Distribution of Injuries, and Hospital Outcomes. Spine 2016; 41: 191-196.
- Bohl DD, Singh K, Grauer JN. Nationwide Databases in Orthopaedic Surgery Research. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 2016; 24: 673-682.
- Basques BA, Diaz-Collado PJ, Geddes BJ, Samuel AM, Lukasiewicz AM, Webb ML, Bohl DD, Ahn J, Singh K, Grauer JN. Primary and Revision Posterior Lumbar Fusion Have Similar Short-Term Complication Rates. Spine 2016; E101-106.