Forrester Ashe Lee MD

Professor of Medicine (Cardiology); Associate Dean for Multicultural Affairs

Research Interests

Congestive heart treatment; Heart rate variability; Minority population cardiovascular health care access


Research Summary

My research interests span three areas:

  1. Clinical research in therapies for congestive heart treatment and clinical outcomes in heart transplantation. I am affiliated with the Yale Heart Failure and Transplant Center;
  2. Studies in heart rate variability as a method of noninvasively probing cardiovascular autonomic regulatory mechanisms in health and disease. This research includes classical methods of time series analysis as well as more recent methods based on chaos/complexity theory and nonlinear dynamics;
  3. Studies of health care access by African Americans and other minority populations in relation to cardiovascular disease.


Selected Publications

  • Su S, Lampert R, Zhao J, Bremner JD, Miller A, Snieder H, Lee F, Khan D, Goldberg J, Vaccarino V., Pleiotropy of C-reactive protein gene polymorphisms with C-reactive protein levels and heart rate variability in healthy male twins. Am J Cardiol. 2009 Dec 15;104(12):1748-54.
  • Su S, Lampert R, Lee F, Bremner JD, Snieder H, Jones L, Murrah NV, Goldberg J, Vaccarino V., Common genes contribute to depressive symptoms and heart rate variability: the Twins Heart Study. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2010 Feb;13(1):1-9.

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