Scholars learn an approach to research that is fostered by the program’s collaborative culture, which encourages skepticism, creativity, critical thinking, and early stakeholder engagement to assure relevance of research.
Scholars are expected to conduct two to three research projects during their fellowship, yielding at least two manuscripts. This work provides Scholars with the opportunity to develop important research questions, frame hypotheses, collect and analyze data, interpret evidence, and communicate results through oral presentations and written papers.
In the second year of fellowship, Scholars select one of four tracks, based upon their interests and learning objectives. Within each track, Scholars have the opportunity to participate in experiential learning, join existing teams that are tackling pressing issues in health and health care, and take a leadership role in research projects that are engaged with stakeholders. This research is conducted under the close supervision of faculty preceptors, with Scholars developing increased independence as the project proceeds.
Scholars interested in developing research portfolios focused on population health and community health will have the opportunity to work with a broad array of expert mentors pulled from across diverse sectors. The Equity Research and Innovation Center (ERIC) brings together a group of Yale faculty and community partners dedicated to advancing health and health care equity. Scholars pursuing this track will select a primary faculty mentor from among the over 20 ERIC affiliated faculty. In addition to completing the required training in stakeholder engagement, Scholars in this track will also be expected to engage in a community-based participatory research (CBPR) practicum, partnering with New Haven community members and organizations to conduct a CBPR project with faculty and community mentorship.
Scholars interested in transforming health care will have an abundance of opportunities and potential partners, thanks to the unique collaboration between the Yale Schools of Medicine and Nursing, local federally qualified health centers, and Yale-New Haven Hospital (YNHH). YNHH is a nationally recognized, 1,541-bed not-for-profit hospital serving as the primary teaching hospital for the Yale School of Medicine. The fourth-largest hospital in the country, YNHH's York Street campus and associated ambulatory sites are Magnet-designated by the American Nurses Credentialing Center.
The medical school and hospital have an outstanding track record of evidence-based quality and safety initiatives. These partners recently launched the AHRQ-funded CHIRAL: the Yale Center for Healthcare Innovation, Redesign, and Learning Center. The multidisciplinary center evaluates the health system in a real-time, clinical setting, drawing expertise from a number of disciplines. Scholars who select this track will also attend the high-profile Transforming Health Care Grand Rounds series. Past speakers have included leaders of health systems in the US and internationally, as well as leaders of academic institutions and experts in health care innovation, safety, quality.
Scholars interested in health policy at Yale have a broad range of research opportunities and potential mentors available to them across the university. This includes faculty at the School of Medicine, the School of Public Health, the Law School, the School of Management, and the Yale College. In addition, the Institution for Social and Policy Studies (ISPS) at Yale has organized a cohort of faculty under the umbrella ISPS Health, bringing together scholars from across the university who are focused on developing policy-relevant research that can improve health, strengthen health care systems and enhance the way health care is delivered. Scholars interested in health policy will be expected to identify a mentor from among these faculty, select research projects that are policy-relevant, and learn the skills necessary to translate their research findings for policy-makers. Moreover, Scholars will be expected to take advantage of the monthly policy externship and the summer policy internship experiences to better understand the challenges of designing and implementing evidence-based health policy, and the skills and commitment needed for leadership positions.
The Yale environment has a number of substantive outcomes and effectiveness initiatives underway. One example is the YNHH-Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation (CORE). CORE, one of the nation’s oldest academic outcomes research centers, is designed to assess health care quality and evaluate clinical decision-making and comparative effectiveness of specific health care interventions. Yale’s Cancer Outcomes Public Policy and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center is another example. COPPER is comprised of researchers and clinicians from across the Yale Schools of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing. CORE and COPPER faculty will teach and mentor Scholars, advancing their understanding of outcomes research and CER, with an emphasis on the value of engaging with stakeholders throughout the research process. Another example of an outstanding resource at Yale is the Program on Aging. The program has a robust portfolio of patient centered research, including a major role in a recently-awarded $30 million Falls Injuries Prevention Partnership clinical trial, supported by the National Institute on Aging and PCORI.
Scholars in the outcomes and effectiveness track will also have the opportunity to take relevant elective courses in the Yale School of Public Health to further bolster their skills in area such as cost effectiveness analysis, systematic review/meta-analysis, and others.