Advanced Fellowship Training

Advanced fellowship training refers to the one or more years of focused training in a specific area of cardiology, in addition to the core two-year required foundation in general cardiology. Training is available in a variety of clinical and research areas and is tailored to the goals and skills of each fellow. The tracks listed below represent common sequences of training, but modifications can be made if approved by the Program Director.

Cardiac Imaging (Drs. McNamara and Sinusas, Co-Directors)

The goal for this track is for individuals to attain expertise in at least one imaging modality (Level III), advanced exposure in the other modalities, and to gain appropriate investigative skills for a career in academic cardiology. Training will take place at both clinical sites (Yale New-Haven and the VA). In general, two years of training is recommended. The fellow will identify a research mentor and project, to be conducted over a one to two year period. The particular structure of the training sequence will vary, depending on the goals of the trainee.

Heart Failure/Transplantation (Dr. Forrester Lee, Director)

This track is appropriate for individuals who wish to pursue academic careers in heart failure and transplantation. In addition to level 3 training in heart failure, fellows will identify a research mentor and project, to be conducted over a 2-year period.

Clinical Electrophysiology (Dr. Lynda Rosenfeld, Director)

This is a two-year training sequence that is comprised of the 3 rd year of the general cardiology fellowship program, and 1 additional year in the ACGME-accredited program in Clinical Electrophysiology. Individuals will achieve level 3 training in electrophysiology, and be eligible for ABIM board certification in both Cardiovascular Disease and Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology at the completion of 4 years of training.

Interventional Cardiology (Dr. Joseph Brennan, Director)

This is a one-year ACGME-accredited program that is performed upon completion of a three-year fellowship in Cardiovascular Disease. Individuals will achieve level 3 training in interventional cardiology, and be eligible for ABIM board certification in both Cardiovascular Disease and Interventional Cardiology.

Clinical and Academic Tracks

Clinical Track

This track is appropriate for individuals who will pursue careers in clinical cardiology and interventional cardiology. Fellows in this track must have completed a three-year training program in Cardiovascular Disease, often with advanced clinical training in another area (e.g. noninvasive imaging, heart failure, etc).

Academic Track

This track is appropriate for individuals who will pursue academic careers in interventional cardiology. In this track, the fellows 3 rd year of general cardiology training is coordinated with his/her 4 th year of interventional cardiology training, with a particular emphasis on research. Research projects are identified and approved by the Director, in consultation with the Program Director of the core fellowship and faculty mentors. Additional years of research are encouraged, depending on goals of training.

Research

Research training may take a variety of different forms, depending on a trainee’s experience, goals, and subspecialty interests. Training in clinical research often is incorporated into the advanced clinical training tracks as noted above. As noted in Section 3.8, the program places a high priority to exposing all trainees to research, through a series of didactic lectures, conferences, and focused projects with faculty mentors. This section describes opportunities for those individuals who seek in-depth research training.