Tracks

Faculty Track appointments at the School of Medicine are made in the following tracks:

Traditional Track

Individuals who achieve excellence in research and teaching are eligible for appointment in this track.

Term Appointments

Associate Professor

Candidates for appointment or promotion to the rank of associate professor on term should have achieved recognition as independent investigators and have demonstrated excellence as teachers. Their achievements and promise as teachers and scholars should be strong enough to suggest that they will be qualified for appointment to tenure at Yale or another major medical institution within four to five years.

Individuals who will contribute to graduate education and who hold a primary appointment in a basic science department are automatically appointed to the Graduate School. Those who will contribute to graduate education and hold a primary or secondary appointment in a bridge department are eligible for appointment to the Graduate School, as are those with a secondary appointment in a basic science department.

The maximum initial term of this appointment is five years. If, at the end of the term, the individual has been a member of the faculty at the combined ranks of assistant and associate professor for less than ten years (plus extensions described in Section III.E - Faculty Handbook), the appointment may be extended for up to two years, subject to approval of the Dean and the Provost and in accordance with limits on term appointments described below.

Limits on Term Appointments

No one shall be employed at the combined ranks of assistant professor and associate professor on term for longer than a total of ten years, plus extensions described in Section III.E - Faculty Handbook. Toward this maximum shall count years of appointment to the ladder ranks at Yale and up to three years served in the ladder ranks at other institutions.

Tenure Appointments

A tenure appointment, whether at the rank of professor or associate professor, is a permanent, forward-looking commitment. This commitment is made with consideration of the achievements of the individual and the programmatic needs of the department and the School. Appraisals of past contributions must be supplemented by strong evidence of future contributions to the profession and the teaching program.

In choosing among available candidates, the faculty may decide that outstanding promise of a person in the earlier stages of a career justifies appointment even though his or her published attainments to date may be fewer than those of more established candidates.

While the several manifestations of intellectual distinction are prerequisite to an appointment with tenure, it is recognized that the balance among them may vary from candidate to candidate and from field to field; there may be variation in the quantity of the written or creative work, though the quality must always be high. Unusually effective teaching or an unusually significant contribution to the community's well-being may serve to supplement but not substitute for evidence of scholarly achievement.

Individuals who will contribute to graduate education and who hold a primary appointment in a basic science department are automatically appointed to the Graduate School. Those who will contribute to graduate education and hold a primary or secondary appointment in a bridge department are eligible for appointment to the Graduate School, as are those with a secondary appointment in a basic science department.

Associate Professor

Candidates for appointment or promotion to the rank of associate professor with tenure must have produced a significant body of scholarship, must be able teachers, and if clinicians, must be accomplished in their clinical fields. They must be rising toward national and international leadership in their areas of specialty, and there must be clear evidence that academic growth will continue, with the expectation that their value to the institution and their national and international standing will make them suitable candidates for promotion to professor within a reasonable period of time.

Professor

Candidates for appointment or promotion to the rank of professor are expected to stand in competition with the foremost leaders in their field throughout the world, as demonstrated by major scholarly achievements and by teaching. If they are clinicians they must be outstanding practitioners of their field of clinical medicine.

There should be ample evidence that they will continue to make significant contributions as scholars, to serve as able and influential teachers, and to contribute to the well-being of the academic community. The strength of commitment conferred by appointment to the rank of professor mandates that candidates in this track have attained the same level of achievement in their domains as candidates for professor in the other faculty tracks.

Investigator Track

This track is intended for investigators who demonstrate conceptual and creative leadership in research that may be carried out either as an independent investigator or as a key participant in a research team or core facility. If working in a collaborative research effort, an investigator's creative contributions must be distinguished and identifiable. There must be sustained funding for salary and research activities. Faculty members in this track may engage in teaching, but their major responsibility will be the development of productive research programs.

Individuals who will contribute to graduate education and who hold a primary or secondary appointment in a basic science or bridge department are eligible for appointment to the Graduate School.

Associate Professor

Candidates for appointment or promotion to the rank of associate professor in the Investigator Track must have demonstrated a strong record of conceptual and creative research leadership in independent research or in collaborative efforts as part of a team. If working in a collaborative research effort, an investigator's creative contributions must be distinguished and identifiable. There must be clear evidence that academic growth will continue with the expectation that the Investigator will be a suitable candidate for promotion to professor within ten years. There must be a record of sustained funding sufficient to cover the proportion of salary and research activities required by the Investigator's department.

The initial term of appointment may be up to five years. Reappointment may be made for terms of up to five years, providing that the total years in the rank of Associate Professor do not exceed 10 years. Non-reappointment requires one year written notice except in the case of one-year appointments or reappointments, which require 30 days written notice.

Professor

Candidates for appointment or promotion to the rank of professor in the Investigator Track are expected to stand in competition with the foremost leaders in their fields throughout the world. A strong record of conceptual and creative research leadership that has significantly advanced the frontiers of knowledge must be demonstrated in independent research or in collaborative efforts as part of a team. If working in a collaborative research effort, an investigator's creative contributions must be distinguished and identifiable. There must be a record of sustained funding sufficient to cover the proportion of salary and research activities required by the Investigator's department. The strength of commitment conferred by appointment to the rank of professor mandates that candidates in this track have attained the same level of achievement in their domains as candidates for professor in the other ladder tracks.

Appointments at the rank of professor in the Investigator Track are made on a continuing basis without term but do not confer tenure. Appointments continue without extra-department review as long as the faculty member generates funding sufficient to cover the proportion of salary and research activities required by the Investigator's department. Funding is reviewed annually by the department. If, for any three years in a five-year period, the individual's funding is not sufficient, as determined by the department and the Office of the Dean, the appointment reverts to a term appointment that expires at the end of two additional years. Non-reappointment requires one year written notice.

Clinician-Scholar Track

Individuals who achieve excellence as clinicians, teachers, and scholars are eligible for appointment to the Clinician-Scholar Track.

Individuals who will contribute to graduate education and who hold a primary or secondary appointment in a basic science or bridge department are eligible for appointment in the Graduate School.

Associate Professor

Candidates for appointment or promotion to this rank must excel in patient care and teaching and must have an emerging national reputation for outstanding scholarship. Appointments are made for terms of up to five years. They may be renewed if clinical productivity, scholarship, and teaching expertise continue and if programmatic needs of the department and school justify renewal. There is no limit to the number of terms a faculty member may serve at this rank, but there is no entitlement to reappointment. Non-reappointment requires one year written notice.

Professor

Candidates for appointment or promotion to this rank must be national or international leaders in their fields. In addition to excellence in patient care and teaching, they must have produced outstanding, nationally or internationally recognized scholarship which has substantially advanced their field. Such appointments will be made on a continuing basis without term.

Continuing appointments may be terminated for reasons of financial stringency and with written notice of not less than two years. Under such circumstances, termination shall be applied to a class of individuals holding continuing appointments (e.g., all those in one or more departments or all those with fewer than a certain number of years of service) and not to any single individual. The strength of commitment conferred by appointment to the rank of professor mandates that candidates have attained the same level of achievement in their domains as candidates for professor in the other faculty tracks.

Clinician-Educator Track

Individuals who achieve excellence as clinicians and teachers are eligible for appointment in the Clinician-Educator Track. Faculty in this track must play an integral role in the department's clinical and teaching programs. They must also participate in the research endeavors of the School.

Support for salary and professional activities is expected to come predominantly from the faculty member's clinical practice, supplemented as appropriate from department funds.

Individuals who will contribute to graduate education and who hold a primary or secondary appointment in a basic science or bridge department are eligible for appointment in the Graduate School.

Assistant Professor

Candidates for appointment to the rank of assistant professor in the Clinician-Educator Track must have completed at least one year as an Assistant Professor without a declared track. They must show evidence of excellence in clinical practice and must contribute to educational programs. They must also demonstrate a commitment to the research mission of the School.

Appointments are made for terms up to three years. There is no limit to the number of terms a faculty member may serve at this rank, but there is no entitlement to reappointment. Non-reappointment requires one-year written notice.

Associate Professor

Candidates for appointment or promotion to the rank of associate professor in the Clinician-Educator track must have an outstanding record of patient care. Equally important, they must be exemplary teachers and active contributors to the educational mission of the School. They are expected to influence the teaching or practice of medicine in a significant way and should participate in research and scholarly activities.

Appointments are made for terms of up to five years. They may be renewed if clinical productivity, scholarship, and teaching expertise continue and if programmatic needs of the department and School justify renewal. There is no limit to the number of terms a faculty member may serve at this rank, but there is no entitlement to reappointment. Non-reappointment requires one year written notice.

Professor

Candidates for appointment or promotion to the rank of professor in the Clinician-Educator Track must be national or international leaders in their field, as evidenced by scholarship that has had a national impact on clinical medicine or education, as well as sustained excellence in patient care and teaching.

The strength of commitment conferred by appointment to the rank of professor mandates that candidates in this track have attained the same level of achievement in their domains as candidates for professor in the other faculty tracks.

Appointments are made on a continuing basis without term but do not confer tenure. They are contingent upon continued productivity and funding, which are reviewed annually by the department. If either is found unsatisfactory for three years in any five-year period, as determined by the department and the Office of the Dean, the appointment reverts to a term appointment that expires at the end of two additional years. Written notice of at least one year must be given before the end of the appointment.