Ranks

Non-track faculty appointments may be made at the following ranks:

Assistant Professor

Appointments to this rank are conferred without a track designation, except for appointments as assistant professor in the Clinician-Educator Track. Appointment as assistant professor may be considered for individuals who have achieved an M.D., Ph.D. or equivalent degree and who have completed appropriate postdoctoral training. Qualifications for initial appointment include promise as a teacher and scholar. Published papers of high quality are desirable.

Individuals who will contribute to graduate education and who hold a primary appointment in a basic science department are automatically appointed to the Graduate School. Those who will contribute to graduate education and hold a primary or secondary appointment in a bridge department are eligible for appointment to the Graduate School, as are those with a secondary appointment in a basic science department.

The initial appointment is usually for, but cannot exceed, three years. Reappointments may bring a faculty member's total years in rank as an Assistant Professor to no more than six years. Reappointment requires evidence of success as a teacher and scholar.

Any further appointment or promotion requires assignment to a faculty track. In order to be appointed to the Traditional Track, Investigator Track, or Clinician-Scholar Track, the candidate must achieve promotion to the rank of associate professor. In the Clinician-Educator Track the candidate may either continue as assistant professor or be promoted to associate professor.

Research Ranks

Research appointments are available to persons holding the Ph.D. or M.D. degree or having equivalent training. There are three categories of research ranks: associate research scientist, research scientist, and senior research scientist. Fringe benefits may vary according to the source of salary. Many research faculty are employees of the University, and if employed at least half-time receive fringe benefits and are eligible for membership in the Yale University Retirement Annuity Plan.

Teaching is not required of any research appointee. Persons who are asked to undertake teaching should also be given a teaching appointment as a lecturer. In such circumstances an appropriate portion of the salary may be paid from a teaching budget; however, for research appointees who are already employed full-time, the total compensation cannot be increased by payment for teaching.

Research faculty have access to the same procedures as do the teaching faculty for reviewing decisions not to reappoint or promote, unless the decision is related to the termination of funding or non-renewal of a grant.

Research appointees who are paid from grants should be informed by the principal investigator of any change in the status of the grant as soon as possible after the information becomes available.

Associate Research Scientist

This appointment is given to persons who are engaged in scholarly research in association with a faculty member or as a member of a research group. Such person will normally have at least two years of research experience following a Ph.D. (or equivalent), will have demonstrated professional ability in fields related to the work or program of the department or area concerned, and will be expected to contribute to it as a colleague. The initial term of appointment in this rank is normally one year and is renewable. There is no limit on the number of terms to which an associate research scientist may be reappointed. However, reappointment will depend on the continued need for the position, the availability of resources for the position, and the performance of the individual.

Research Scientist

This appointment is given to persons who are engaged in scholarly or scientific research as advanced scholars or as senior members of a research group. The term of appointment in this rank may be up to three years, conditional upon the availability of salary support, and is renewable in successive terms of up to three years. The incumbent must be reviewed for promotion to senior research scientist at intervals of no longer than five years. Nominations for the rank of research scientist are submitted for approval by the department chair to the Term Appointments and Promotion Committee. For research scientists who have served at least three years in that rank, non-reappointment for reasons not relating to the absence of salary support normally requires six-month's notice.

Senior Research Scientist

This appointment is appropriate for persons of high professional attainment, outstanding ability, and critical importance to a major research program. The term of appointment in this rank may be up to five years, conditional upon the availability of salary support, and is renewable in successive terms of up to five years, conditional upon the availability of salary support. Nominations for this rank are submitted for approval by the department chair and sent to the Term Appointments and Committee. For senior research scientists who have served at least five years at that rank, non-reappointment for reasons not relating to the absence of salary support requires one year's notice.

Voluntary Ranks

Voluntary faculty are typically clinicians or others who are employed outside of the School but make significant contributions to department programs at the medical center or at affiliated institutions. Each department has established guidelines for the nature of required participation, such as the relative importance of teaching students, supervising residents, engaging in scholarly activity, participating in department administration, and other activities.

Voluntary faculty typically do not receive compensation or benefits from the School.

With the approval of the chair, voluntary clinical faculty may become principal investigators of grants. Voluntary faculty are expected to be board eligible, licensed, or certified in their specialties.

Clinical Instructor

Physicians or other health professionals who have completed clinical training will be eligible for this rank. Clinical Instructors participate in academic activities and interact with students (medical or physician assistants), house staff, and or fellows in teaching programs. Appointments are made for renewable one-year terms.

Assistant Clinical Professor

This rank is for persons who have made academic contributions documented in at least one of the following ways: (1) publication or other evidence of substantial contribution to their disciplines; (2) exemplary teaching; (3) well-recognized clinical expertise. Appointments are made for renewable terms of up to three years.

Associate Clinical Professor

This rank is for those persons who have achieved recognition for their outstanding scholarship and sustained contribution to academic life documented in at least one of the following ways: (1) publication or substantial contribution to their respective disciplines; (2) exemplary teaching activities and well-recognized clinical expertise. Appointments are made for renewable five-year terms.

Clinical Professor

This rank is reserved for those few persons who have achieved national or international recognition for their exceptional scholarship and sustained contribution to academic life documented in both of the following ways: (1) publication or substantial contribution to their respective disciplines; (2) exemplary teaching activities and well-recognized clinical expertise. Appointments are made for renewable five-year terms.

Clinician

This faculty employment category is designed to assist in advancing the School's clinical mission and enhance capabilities of the Yale Medical Group. Appointments are given for up to one year, on a full- or part-time basis. An approved Request for Faculty Position and an approved offer letter are required.

Clinicians are eligible for benefits (See Faculty Handbook, Section VIII, D).

Clinicians may coterminously hold appointments as Voluntary Faculty, subject to the provisions of the University, School and departmental policies and guidelines for those ranks.

Other Non-Ladder Ranks

Adjunct Ranks - Professor Adjunct, Associate Professor Adjunct, and Assistant Professor Adjunct

These ranks are intended for the appointment of persons whose interests, as well as the interests of the University, are served by their continuing in a professional capacity outside the University while teaching less than full time. Adjunct faculty members do not serve as the principal advisers of dissertations or vote on faculty appointments. With the approval of the chair and the Dean or the Dean's designate, they may become principal investigators of grants.

Appointments are made for terms of up to three years at the rank of assistant professor and five years at the rank of associate professor or professor.

Lecturer

A lecturer must make contributions to the academic program through approved educational activities. Appointments at this rank are normally on a one-year basis.

Instructor

This rank is available for individuals who have recently completed professional training and who wish to embark on a full-time academic career. It has a one-year term, renewable for a maximum of three years.

This rank is also available for trainees in clinical fellowship programs who are qualified by prior training to provide independent clinical services and serve as teachers in fields of medicine. For such individuals the term of appointment is one year but it may be renewed for the length of the fellowship.

Clinical Instructor or Assistant Clinical Professor of Social Work in Psychiatry or in the Child Study Center

These ranks will be used for social workers who do not qualify for or desire regular academic rank.