DESIGN: There must be careful planning to ensure the project scope is accounted for and documented for accurate bidding. The design must be in compliance with Federal and State standards and codes as well as Yale University and Medical School standards. The design must interface with existing building systems and not disrupt adjacent occupants. This careful planning requires a reasonable amount of time to avoid mistakes and increased costs. Adequate documentation avoids mistakes and misunderstandings in the field.
BIDDING AND CONSTRUCTION: Accurate competitive pricing requires 3 to 4 weeks to allow for competitive bidding. In addition, it is required that all the construction contracts be in place prior to work being performed. Once bid, the construction process often involves many steps not always readily apparent to the outside observer. For example, much mechanical, electrical and plumbing equipment often have a long lead times that must be worked into the schedule Many components require shop drawings to be produced and approved prior to fabrication. Work must occur in a logical and efficient sequence. This sequence is well thought out and orchestrated to move as quickly as possible but the work cannot happen all at once. In addition, the Medical School presents particular challenges as most of the work is built in occupied buildings. Construction must take place around ongoing research or clinical activities. This can translate into less than efficient schedules and much off hour work.