Research

The Yale University School of Medicine is an academic environment with vast resources for both basic science and clinical research.  Virtually any EMS research interest can be accommodated either directly through Section of EMS faculty or through collaboration with other university programs.  Of particular relevance to clinical EMS fellows are the School of Public Health with its expertise and degree programs in Epidemiology and Biostatistics, the Telemedicine and Remote Monitoring Program in the Department of Surgery, the Multi-Disciplinary Biomedical Engineering Program, and the School of Organization and Management.  Through Dr. Sandy Bogucki’s fire research program, fellows will also have access to a number of extramural research venues.  For example, a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) has been executed between the Department of Emergency Medicine and the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine to study the physiology of structural firefighting while wearing SCBA and full personal protective equipment.  Other participants in the fire research program consortium include the Fire Research Labs at the National Institute for Standards and Technology, the US Fire Administration, and the Oak Ridge and Sandia National Laboratories.

Published research since 2008 (Authors include fellowship faculty, fellows, and residents)

Fellowship FacultyFellowsResidents

Cone, DC
MacMillan, DS
Bogucki, S
Lee, CH
Burns, K
Tomassoni, AJ

Parwani, V.
Van Gelder, C
Carter, AJ
Burns, K
MacMillan, DS
Isenberg, D
MacNeal, JJ

O'Brien, E
Hendricks, D
Trivedi, K
Serra, J
Walsh, B

O’Brien E, Hendricks D, Cone DC.  Field termination of resuscitation: analysis of a newly implemented protocol.  Prehosp Emerg Care 2008;12:57-61.

Cone DC, MacMillan DS, Parwani V, Van Gelder C.  Pilot test of a proposed chemical/biological/radiation/nuclear-capable mass casualty triage system.  Prehosp Emerg Care 2008;12: 236-240.

Cone DC, MacMillan D, Parwani V, Van Gelder C. Threats to life in residential structure fires.  Prehosp Emerg Care 2008;12:297-301.

Cone DC, Galante N, MacMillan DS.  Can emergency medical dispatch systems safely reduce first-responder call volume?  Prehosp Emerg Care 2008; 12(4): 479-485.

Van Gelder C, Pranger LA, Wiesmann, WP, Stachenfeld N, Bogucki S.  An Experimental Model of Heat Storage in Working Firefighters.  Prehospital Emergency Care 2008; 12(2):225-235.

Trivedi K, Schuur JD, Cone DC. Can paramedics read ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction on prehospital 12-lead electrocardiograms? Prehosp Emerg Care 2009;13:207-214.

Carter AJ, Davis KA, Evans LV, Cone DC. Information loss in emergency medical services handover of trauma patients. Prehosp Emerg Care 2009;13:280-5.

Cone DC, Serra J, Burns K, MacMillan DS, Kurland L, Van Gelder C. Pilot test of the SALT mass casualty triage system.  Prehosp Emerg Care 2009;13:536-540.  (PMID 19731169)

Lee CH, Van Gelder CM, Cone DC. Early cardiac catheterization laboratory activation by paramedics for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction on prehospital 12-lead electrocardiograms. Prehosp Emerg Care 2010;14:153-8.

Cone DC, Van Gelder CM, MacMillan, D.  Fireground use of an emergency escape respirator. Prehosp Emerg Care 2010;14:433-438. (PMID 20608878)

Isenberg D, Cone DC, Vaca FC.  Motor vehicle intrusion alone does not predict trauma center admission or use of trauma center resources.  Prehosp Emerg Care 2011;15:203-207.

Cone DC, Serra J, Kurland L. Comparison of the SALT and Smart triage systems using a virtual reality simulator with paramedic students. Eur J Emerg Med 2011;18:314-321. (PMID 21451414)

Landman AB, Rokos IC, Burns K, Van Gelder CM, Fisher RM, Dunford JV, Cone DC, Bogucki S. An open, interoperable, and scalable prehospital information technology network architecture. Prehosp Emerg Care 2011;15:149-157.

Cone DC, Irvine KA, Middleton PM.  The methodology of the Australian Prehospital Outcomes Study of Longitudinal Epidemiology (APOStLE) project.  Prehosp Emerg Care 2012;16:505-512. (PMID 22690760)

Shin SD, Ong MEH, Tanaka H, Ma MH, Nishiuchi T, Al Sakaf O, Karin SA, Khunkhlai N, Lin C-H, Song KJ, Ryoo HW, Ryu HH, Tham LP, Cone DC. Comparison of emergency medical services systems across Pan-Asian countries: a web-based survey.  Prehosp Emerg Care 2012;16:477-496. (PMID 22861161)

Isenberg D, Cone DC, Stiell IG. A simple three-step dispatch rule may reduce lights and sirens responses to motor vehicle crashes. Emerg Med J 2012;29:592-595.

Cone DC, Marashi Pour S, Middleton P. Analysis and impact of delays in ambulance to emergency department handovers. Emerg Med Australasia 2012:24:525-533. (PMID 23039294)

Cone DC, Ahern J, Lee CH, Baker D, Murphy T, Bogucki S. A descriptive study of the “lift assist” call. Prehosp Emerg Care 2013;17:51-56. (PMID 22971148)

MacNeal JJ, Cone DC, Sinha V, Tomassoni AJ. Use of haloperidol in PCP-intoxicated individuals. Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2012;50:851-853. (PMID 22970762)

Walsh B, Cone DC, Meyer EM, Larkin GL. Paramedic attitudes regarding prehospital analgesia. Prehosp Emerg Care 2013;17:78-87. (PMID 22971168)

Cone DC, Lee CH, Van Gelder C. EMS activation of the cardiac catheterization laboratory is associated with process improvements in the care of myocardial infarction patients. Prehosp Emerg Care 2013;17(3):293-298. (PMID 23510381)

Tiyyagura GK, Arnold L, Cone DC, Langhan M. Pediatric anaphylaxis management in the prehospital setting. Prehosp Emerg Care 2013;epub. (PMID 2402874)

Fouche PF, Simpson PM, Bendall J, Thomas RE, Cone DC, Doi SA. Airways in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: systematic review and meta-analysis. Prehosp Emerg Care 2013;epub. (PMID 24111481)

Filice CE, Vaca FE, Curry L, Platis S, Lurie N, Bogucki S. Pandemic planning and response in academic pediatric emergency departments during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. Acad Emerg Med. 2013; 20:55-62.

Cicero MX, Brown L, Overly F, Yarzebski J, Meckler G, Fuchs S, Tomassoni A, Aghababian R, Chung S, Garrett A, Fagbuyi D, Adelgais K, Goldman R, Parker J, Auerbach M, Riera A, Cone  D, and Baum C. Creation and Delphi-method refinement of pediatric disaster triage simulations.Prehosp Emerg Care 2014;e-pubs.

Carter AJ, Overton J, Terashima M, Cone DC. Can emergency medical services use turnaround time as a proxy for measuring ambulance offload time?  J Emerg Med. 2013 Dec 24. (PMID 24373216)