Rachel Dreyer, PhD is an Assistant Professor in the section of Policy and Public Health and the Division of Informatics in Emergency Medicine at Yale University. She trained in epidemiology, clinical research, outcomes/health services research, and mixed methods. Over the past 8 years, Dr Dreyer’s research has endeavored to improve health care quality by accelerating the implementation of patient-centered outcomes research. More specifically, her work has largely pioneered efforts to improve outcomes for patients with heart disease, with a focus on understanding disparities in women. As a result, her scholarly work has identified significant delays and disparities in receiving treatment for women with coronary heart disease. More broadly she is interested in clinical informatics, health IT and the incorporation of humanism within the structure of medical care, both for patients and providers.
Her current work is highly interdisciplinary and focuses on collaborative efforts with psychologists, computer scientists, cardiologists, informaticists, nurses and key stakeholders to define advanced methods to facilitate the psychosocial aspects of recovery for patients with coronary heart disease, using a narrative medicine approach. By implementing participatory methods, her team is currently developing novel stakeholder-informed mobile health applications that augment traditional cardiac rehabilitation programs at Yale University, to assist patients, particularly women, in recovery after acute myocardial infarction. The goal is to increase adherence to cardiac rehabilitation programs and to improve uptake of secondary prevention targets in the long-term – to ultimately improve outcomes and prevent hospital readmissions in these patients.
- Dreyer RP, Spatz ES, Scira C, Safdar B, D’Onofrio, Krumholz HM. Young Women with Acute Myocardial Infarction: Current Perspectives. Circ Cardivasc Qual Outcomes. 2017;10:e003480.
- Dreyer RP, Dharmarajan K, Kennedy KF, Jones PG, Vaccarino V, Murugiah K, Nuti SV, Smolderen KG, Buchanan DM, Spertus JA, Krumholz HM. Sex Differences in 1 Year Rehospitalization in Patients following Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Prospective Observational Study. Circulation. 2017:135:521-531. PMID: 28153989.
- Bucholz E, Dreyer RP, Strait KM, D’Onofrio G, Lichtman JH, Spertus JA, Krumholz HM. Sex Differences in Young Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: A VIRGO Study Analysis. Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care. 2016; pii: 2048872616661847. PMID:27485141.
- Dreyer RP, Xu X, Zhang W, Du X, Strait KM, Bierlein M, Bucholz EM, Geda M, Fox J, D’Onofrio, Lichtman JH, Bueno H, Spertus JA, Krumholz HM. Return to Work after Acute Myocardial Infarction: Comparison between Young Women and Men.Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2016;9:S45-S52. PMID:26908859.
- Du X, Spatz ES, Dreyer RP, Shuang H, Li X, Li J, Wang S, Nasier K, Spertus JA, Masoudi FA, Krumholz HM, Jiang L, for the China PEACE collaborative group. Sex Differences in clinical profiles and quality of care among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction from 2001 to 2011: Insights from the China PEACE-Retrospective Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016:5:pii e002157. PMID: 26903002.
- Li J, Dreyer RP, Shuang H, Spatz ES, Masoudi FA, Spertus JA, Nasier K, Li J, Wang S, Krumholz HM, Jiang L; for the China PEACE collaborative Group. The China Patient-centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events (PEACE) Prospective Study of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI): Study Design. Chinese Medical Journal. 2016; 129: 72-80. PMID: 26712436.
- Dreyer RP, Wang Y, Strait KM, Lorenze NP, D’Onofrio G, Bueno H, Lichtman JH, Spertus JA, Krumholz HM. Gender Differences in the Trajectory of Recovery in Health Status Among Young Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction: Results From the Variation in Recovery: Role of Gender on Outcomes of Young AMI Patients (VIRGO) Study. Circulation. 2015;131:1971-80. PMID: 25862743.
- Spatz E, Curry LA, Masoudi FA, Zhou S, Strait KM, Gross CP, Curtis JP, Lansky AJ, Barreto-Filho JA, Lampropulos JF, Bueno H, Chaudry Si, D'Onofrio Gail, Safdar B, Dreyer RP, Murugiah K, Spertus JA, Krumholz HM. The VIRGO classification system: A taxonomy for young women with acute myocardial infarction. Circulation. 2015;132:1710-8. PMID: 26350057.
- Dreyer RP, Ranasinghe I, Wang Y, Dharmarajan K, Murugiah K, Nuti SV, Hsieh AF, Spertus JA, Krumholz HM. Sex Differences in the Rate, Timing and Principal Diagnoses of 30-Day Readmissions in Young Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction. Circulation. 2015;132:158-66. PMID: 26085455
- Smolderen KG, Strait KM, Dreyer RP, D’Onofrio G, Lichtman JH, Safdar B, Krumholz HM, Spertus, JA. Depressive symptoms in younger women and men with acute myocardial infarction: insights from the VIRGO study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015; 4:e001424. PMID: 25836055.
- Dreyer RP, Smolderen KG, Strait KM, Beltrame J, Lichtman JH, Lorenze N, D’Onofrio G, Bueno H, Krumholz HM, Spertus JA. Sex Differences in Pre-Event Health Status of Young Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: The VIRGO Study. Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care. 2015; pii: 2048872615568967. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 25681487; NIHMSID in process: 726840.
- Chen SI, Dreyer RP, Smolderen KG, Xiao X, Spatz ES, Desai N, Lichtman JH, Strait KM, D’Onofrio G, Spertus JA, Krumholz HM. Insurance and prehospital delay in patients ≤55 years of age with acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol. 2015; pii: S0002-9149(15)01997-9. PMID: 26541907.
- D’Onofrio G, Safdar B, Lichtman JH, Strait KM, Dreyer RP, Geda M, Spertus JA, Krumholz HM. Sex Differences in Reperfusion in Young Patients with ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Results of the VIRGO Study. Circulation. 2015;131:1324-32. PMID: 25792558.
- Pasupathy S, Dreyer RP, Neil C, Tavella R, Beltrame J. Myocardial Infarction with Non-Obstructed Coronary Arteries (MINOCA): A Systematic Review. Circulation. 2015;131:861-70. PMID: 25587100.
- Zheng X, Dreyer RP, Shuang H, Spatz ES, Masoudi FA, Spertus JA, Nasier K, Li J, Wang S, Krumholz HM, Jiang L, for the China PEACE collaborative group. Age-Specific Gender Differences in Early Mortality Following ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Evidence from the China PEACE-Retrospective. Heart. 2015;101:349-55. PMID: 25510395.
- Dreyer RP, Van Zitteren M, Beltrame J, Fitridge R, Denollet J, Vriens P, Spertus JA, Smolderen KG. Gender Differences in Health Status and adverse outcomes of Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease. J Am Heart Assoc. 2014;4:e000863. PMID: 25537275.
- Bucholz EM, Strait KM, Dreyer RP, Geda M, Spatz ES, Bueno H, Lichtman JH, D’onofrio G, Spertus JA, Krumholz HM. The Effect of Low Perceived Social Support on Health Outcomes in Young Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: Results from the VIRGO Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2014; 3:e001252. PMID: 25271209.
- Bucholz EM, Butala NM, Rathore SS, Dreyer RP, Lansky AJ, Krumholz HM. Sex Differences in Long-term Mortality after Myocardial Infarction: A Systematic Review. Circulation. 2014; 130:757-67. PMID: 25052403.
- Dreyer RP, Beltrame J, Tavella R, Air T, Hoffmann B, Pati P, Di Fiore D, Arstall M, and Zeitz C. (2013) Evaluation of gender differences in Door-to-Balloon time in ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Heart, Lung and Circulation. 2013; 22:861-869. PMID: 23628331.