# School Climate Survey

## Staff Version Revised

The Staff Version Revised consists of 54 descriptive statements about prevailing school conditions, e.g. "At this school, teachers find ways to motivate their students to learn."  Staff members respond on a five-point Likert scale ranging from “Strongly Agree” to “Strongly Disagree” depending on how well they think that the statement describes their school.

## Scoring

Respondents answer on a five-point Likert scale rating their perceptions of various aspects of the school climate.

The responses are coded in the following manner:  strongly agree = 5, agree = 4, not sure = 3, disagree = 2, strongly disagree = 1.  Items 2, 3, 4, 9, 14, 15, 20, 26, 30, 31, 47 and 52 are reverse scored after the frequency analysis on individual items have been performed, but before means of the variables are computed or any inferential analysis completed.

These items are reverse scored because agreement with them reflects negative opinions of the school climate.  A positive view of the climate should elicit disagreement with these items.

All the variables are scored in the positive direction:  the higher the score on the variable, the greater the amount of that quality that staff perceive the school as having.  The highest possible mean score on a variable is 5.0.  The lowest possible mean score is 1.0.

Therefore, if Parent Involvement has an overall mean of 4.5, this mean that the staff believe that parents participate a great deal in school activities. (See Table 3 for a description of the variables and the items that define them.)

Table 3: School Climate Variables, Staff Version Revised

 Variable Definition Reliability Achievement Motivation (Items: 2, 17, 30, 39, 44) The extent to which students at the school believe that they can learn and are willing to learn. 0.78 Collaborative Decision-Making  (Items: 7, 22, 24, 40, 46) The involvement of parents, students, and staff in the decisions affecting the school. 0.84 Equity and Fairness (Items: 10, 19, 25, 35, 45) The equal treatment of students regardless of ethnicity or gender. 0.86 Leadership (Items: 1, 6, 14, 28, 33, 34, 38) The principal’s role in guiding the direction of the school and in creating a positive climate. 0.90 Order and Discipline (Items: 3, 5, 9, 11, 29, 31, 37, 49, 54) Appropriateness of student behavior in the school setting. 0.93 School Building (Items: 8, 12, 18, 42, 47) The appearance of the school building. 0.87 School/Parent/Community Relations (Items: 4, 16, 27, 43, 48, 52, 53) The support and involvement of parents and the community in the life of the school. 0.89 Staff Dedication to Student Learning (Items: 13, 23, 41, 50, 51) The effort of teachers to get students to learn. 0.85 Staff Expectations (Items: 15, 20, 21, 26, 32, 36) The expectations of staff members that students will do well academically and will lead a successful life. 0.87