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Toby C. Chai MD

Professor of Urology and of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences; Vice Chair of Research; Co-Director Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery Program

Biographical Info

  • Practice Location: York Street Campus (Smilow and 800 Howard Ave)
  • Residency: University of Michigan Medical Center
  • Fellowship: University of Virginia – Charlottesville
  • Clinical Interests: urinary incontinence, voiding dysfunction, neurogenic bladder, urinary tract reconstruction, and urinary fistula, and bladder cancer

Toby C. Chai, MD, received his BA from Johns Hopkins University, MD from Indiana University School of Medicine. He did his urology residency at University of Michigan Medical Center. He then completed a 2-year AFUD (American Foundation for Urologic Diseases) Research Scholar fellowship at the University of Virginia. Dr. Chai was a urology faculty at University of Maryland School of Medicine (Baltimore, MD) over the last 15 years and holder of the John D. Young Professorship. He recently moved to Yale University in January 2013 to become the Vice Chair of Research in the Department of Urology and Co-Director of the Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery clinical program at Yale-New Haven Hospital.

Dr. Chai has an active research interest in urinary incontinence and bladder physiology. He was a Principal Investigator in the NIH Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network (UITN) which published several landmark articles in the New England Journal of Medicine related to evaluation and management of stress urinary incontinence. Dr. Chai has been investigating how bladder urothelial cell pathophysiology affects bladder function has contributed important foundational articles in this field. He has published over 100 papers and reviews and chapters.

He has been nationally recognized with key awards including the recipient of the 2001 Young Investigator Award from the SBUR (Society for Basic Urologic Research), the 2005 Paul Zimskind Award from SUFU (Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine & Urogenital Reconstruction) for continuing excellence and leadership in the field of voiding dysfunction, and recently, the 2013 Victor A. Politano Award from the AUA (American Urological Association) for his outstanding work in the treatment of urinary incontinence and innovations in bladder research. He is the Basic Science Section Editor for Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery Journal and is an Assistant Editor for The Journal of Urology. He serves on the Editorial Board for the American Journal of Physiology – Renal.


Education & Training

M.D.
Indiana University School of Medicine (1989)
Residency
University of Michigan Medical Center, General Surgery (1989 - 1991)
Residency
University of Michigan Medical Center, Urological Surgery (1991 - 1994)
Fellowship
University of Virginia - Charlottesville, Neuroscience/Neurourology (1995 - 1997)
Board Certification
Urology, Board Certified  (2008)

Honors & Recognition

  • Young Investigator Award
    Society for Basic Urologic Research (2001)
  • First Prize in Basic Science Investigation (Mentor)
    MidAtlantic AUA Section (2001)
  • Second Prize in Basic Science Investigation (Mentor)
    MidAtlantic AUA Section (2003)
  • First Prize, Basic Science Investigation
    Society for Urodynamics and Female Urology (2001)
  • Paul Zimskind Award
    Society for Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine & Urogenital Reconstruction (2005)
  • First Prize in Basic Science Investigation (Mentor)
    MidAtlantic AUA Section (2006)
  • Second Prize in Basic Science Investigation
    American Urological Association (1997)
  • First Prize in Basic Science Investigation (Mentor)
    MidAtlantic AUA Section (2008)
  • Second Prize in Basic Science Investigator (Mentor)
    American Urological Association (2004)
  • John D. Young, Jr. Professorship (2007-2012)
    University of Maryland School of Medicine (2007)
  • Third Prize in Basic Science Investigation (Mentor)
    American Urological Association (2007)
  • First Prize in Basic Science Investigations (Mentor)
    Society for Urodynamics and Female Urology (2006)
  • Second Prize in Basic Science Investigation (Mentor)
    American Urological Association (2009)
  • Victor A. Politano Award
    American Urological Association (2013)
  • Second Alternate
    American Urological Association - European Urological Association Scholar Exchange Program (2001)
  • 2nd Prize Poster, SUFU Annual Meeting
    Society for Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine & Urogenital Reconstruction (2011)
  • Winner
    Pfizer International Cardura Competitive Awards Program (2001)
  • Best Doctor
    Best Doctors (2014)
  • Best Doctor
    Best Doctors (2013)
  • Best Doctor
    Best Doctors (2012)
  • Best Doctor
    Best Doctors (2011)
  • Best Reviewer Award
    Journal of Urology (2009)
  • Second Prize Winner (Mentor), AUA-ACMI Basic Science Prize Essay Contest
    American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL (2009)
  • Honorable Mention (Mentor)
    Annual Jack Lapides Essay Contest in Neurourology (2009)
  • Honorable Mention, Basic Science Poster
    NIDDK New Research Directions in UI Symposium, Bethseda, MD (2009)
  • First Prize Winner (Mentor), Resident's Essay Contest
    MidAtlantic AUA Annual Meeting, Cambridge, MD (2008)
  • Best Basic Science Poster
    Society for Urodynamics and Female Urology Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA (2007)
  • Third Prize Winner (Mentor), AUA-AMCI, Basic Science Prize Essay Contest
    American Urological Association Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA (2007)
  • Honorable Mention (Mentor)
    Annual Jack Lapides Essay Contest in Neurourology, Anaheim, CA (2007)
  • AUA Leadership Class of 2006-2007
    American Urological Association (2006)
  • First Prize Winner (Mentor), Basic Science Essay Contest
    Society for Urodynamics and Female Urology (SUFU) Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA (2006)
  • First Prize Winner (Mentor), Resident's Essay Contest
    MidAtlantic AUA Annual Meeting, Washington, DC (2006)
  • Best Reviewer
    Journal of Urology (2005)
  • Paul Zimskind Award, For Continuing Excellence and Leadership In Field of Voiding Dysfunction
    Society for Urodynamics and Female Urology (2005)
  • Second Prize (Mentor), Resident's Essay Contest
    Mid-Atlantic AUA Meeting (2003)
  • Honorary Member of Academic Council
    Dnipropetrovsk State Medical Academy, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine (2004)
  • First Prize (Mentor), Resident's Essay Contest, Basic Science
    Mid-Atlantic AUA Annual Meeting, Hot Springs, VA (2001)
  • Second Prize (Mentor), AUA-AMCI, Basic Science Prize Essay Contest
    American Urological Association Annual Meeting, San Fransisco, CA (2004)
  • Second Prize Poster
    International Bladder Symposium, Washington, DC (1999)
  • First Prize
    Michigan Urological Society's Residents' Day (1991)
  • Research Scholar Award (Mentor)
    American Foundation for Urologic Disease (AFUD) (2003)
  • First Runner Up
    Medical Student Research Day, University of Maryland, Baltimore (1986)
  • Representative of USA
    International Symposium on Sciences and Humanities, London, England (1981)
  • Young Investigator Award
    Society for Basic Urologic Research (2001)
  • First Prize Winner, Basic Science Category
    Society for Urodynamics and Female Urology (SUFU) Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA (2001)
  • Honorable Mention
    Annual Jack Lapides Essay Contest in Neurourology, Anaheim, CA (2001)
  • Third Prize Poster
    Society of Uroradiology Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA (1999)
  • Second Prize, AUA CIRCON-ACMI, Basic Science Prize Essay Contest
    American Urological Association Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA (1997)
  • NIH Mentored Clinical-Scientist Career, Development Award, (K08 Series Award)
    NIH (1996)
  • Research Scholar Award (Mentee)
    American Foundation for Urologic Diseases (AFUD) (1995)
  • Honors Group
    Westinghouse Science Talent Search (1981)

Professional Service

  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel 2013 DKUS-L (81), Atul Sahai, PhD (11/01/2013 - 11/30/2013)
  • Charter Member, NIDDK/NIH (10/01/2012 - 10/01/2015)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel 2013 DKUS-L (81), Atul Sahai, PhD (07/01/2013 - 07/31/2013)
  • Ad Hoc Member, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel 2013 DKUS-L (81), Atul Sahai, PhD (03/12/2013 - 03/12/2013)
  • Charter Member, NIH/CSR, UKGD (02/01/2005 - 06/30/2008)
  • Reviewer, Diabetes Complications Consortium Pilot Grant (01/01/2014 - 12/31/2014)
  • Co-Editor-in-Chief, "Bladder" (01/01/2014 - 12/31/2015)
  • Member-at-Large, Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine & Urogenital Reconstruction, Executive Committee (01/01/2014 - 12/31/2015)
  • Member-at-Large, Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine & Urogenital Reconstruction, Board of Directors (01/01/2014 - 12/31/2017)
  • Member, FDA, Advisory Committee for Reproductive Health Drugs (01/01/2013 - 12/31/2017)
  • Chair, NIDDK, Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Research Network External Expert Advisory Panel LURN-EEP (01/01/2013 - 12/31/2017)
  • Co-Chair, American Urological Association Foundation, AUAF/SBUR Annual summer Research Conferency "Patient Phenotyping Advancing Traetment of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction" (01/01/2013 - 12/31/2013)
  • Member, NIDDK/NIH, DDK-D (K- and T-applications), Barbara Woynarowska, PhD (01/01/2012 - 12/31/2016)
  • Ad Hoc Chair, NIDDK/NIH, SEP ZDKI GRB-G (C4) - NIDDK Urologic Diseases in America Contract Review, Xiaodu Guo, MD, PhD (01/01/2012 - 12/31/2012)
  • Reviewer, University of Pennsylvania O'Brien Urology Research Center, Pilot and Feasibility Project (01/01/2012 - 12/31/2012)
  • Editorial Board, "International Urogynecological Journal" (01/01/2012 - 12/31/2014)
  • Reviewer, "FASEB Journal" (01/01/2012 - 12/31/2015)
  • Research Council Member, American Urological Association (01/01/2012 - 12/31/2015)
  • Program Chair, American Urological Association, Science of Female Pelvic Health Meeting during AUA Meetings (01/01/2012 - 12/31/2014)
  • Member, American Urological Association Foundation, AUAF Research Council (01/01/2012 - 12/31/2014)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, NIBIB/NIH, NIBIB Program Project (P01), Ruxia Zhou, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2011 - 12/31/2011)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel 2011/05 ZRG1 DKUS-C (81) S, Patricia Greenwel, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2011 - 12/31/2011)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR DIRH, Jacinta Bronte-Tinkew, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2011 - 12/31/2011)
  • Assistant Editor, "Journal of Urology" (01/01/2011 - 12/31/2015)
  • Editorial Board, "Translational Andrology and Urology" (01/01/2011 - 12/31/2015)
  • Reviewer, "PLoS ONE" (01/01/2011 - 12/31/2015)
  • Consultant, American Urological Association, Audio Visual Committee (01/01/2011 - 12/31/2011)
  • Faculty, American Urogynecologic Society, AUGS Research Scholars (01/01/2011 - 12/31/2012)
  • Interviewer, Institutional Service for Univ of MD School of Medicine, Office of Admissions (01/01/2011 - 12/31/2011)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR UKGD Special Emphasis Panel M, Lourdes Ponce, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel 2011/05 ZRG1 DKUS-A (03) M, Patricia Greenwel, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, NIDDK/NIH, NIDDK KUH T32-Applications, Xiaodu Guo, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, NIDDK/NIH, NIDDK X01-Awards (ZDK1 GRB-S (J3), Central Repositories, Non-Renewable Sample Access PAR 10-90, Najma Begum, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR R21-Awards (ZRG1 DKUS-G (80) S), Pilot Clinical Studies in Nephrology and Urology, Ryan Morris, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, NIDDK/NIH, NIDDK KUH K-Applications, Xiaodu Guo, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1 DIRH-J (01)), Jacinta Bronte-Tinkew, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, NIDDK/NIH, NIDDK KUH-F32 Fellowship Applications, Xiaodu Guo, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, NIDDK/NIH, NIDDK CAMUS Research Network Applications, Carol Goter Robinson, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-DKUS-B03M), Najma Begum, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Small Business Grant Review (ZRG1 DKUS-K(11)), Krystyna Rys-Sikora, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Reviewer, Wellcome Trust (UK) Grants (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Section Editor, "Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery" (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2015)
  • American Urological Association, Overactive Bladder Guidelines Panel Committee (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2011)
  • Program Co-Chair, American Urological Association Foundation, AUAF/SBUR Summer Research Conference "Urinary Incontinence Intergrating Basic and Clinical Research Perspectives" (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Senior Editorial Consultant, American Board of Urology, ABU/AUA EC (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2013)
  • Member, American Board of Urology, Examination Committee (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Basic Science Program Chair, Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine & Urogenital Reconstruction, Annual Meeting (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2014)
  • American Urogynecologic Society, Research Summit Panel (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • MidAtlantic Section of American Urological Association, Investment Committee (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2011)
  • Institutional Service for Univ of MD School of Medicine, Search Committee for Chair of Dept. of Ob/Gyn (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Judge, Junior Science and Humanities Symposium, National Junior Science and Humanities Symposium (www.jshs.org), Bethseda, MD (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1 DKUS (12) B), Ryan Morris, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2009 - 12/31/2009)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1 DKUS-E), Bonne Burgess-Beusse, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2009 - 12/31/2009)
  • Reviewer, "Clinical Chemistry" (01/01/2009 - 12/31/2009)
  • Reviewer, "European Urology" (01/01/2009 - 12/31/2015)
  • Member, Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine & Urogenital Reconstruction, Nominating Committee (01/01/2009 - 12/31/2012)
  • Reviewer, American Urologynecologic Society Foundation Grants (01/01/2008 - 12/31/2010)
  • Presenter, "Urological Issues in Patients with Spinal Cord Dysfunction", American Syringomyelia & Chiari Alliance Project, American Syringomyelia & Chiari Alliance Project Annual Conference (01/01/2008 - 12/31/2008)
  • Reviewer, American Urologic Association Foundation Research Scholar Grant (01/01/2007 - 12/31/2008)
  • Editorial Board, "American Journal of Physiology - Renal" (01/01/2007 -��12/31/2014)
  • Reviewer, "Journal of Biological Chemistry" (01/01/2007 - 12/31/2007)
  • MidAtlantic Section of American Urological Association, Board of Directors (01/01/2007 - 12/31/2008)
  • Program Chair, MidAtlantic Section of American Urological Association, 2008 Mid-Atlantic AUA Meeting (01/01/2007 - 12/31/2008)
  • Dept. of Surgery Representative, Institutional Service for Univ of MD School of Medicine, SOM Faculty Council (01/01/2007 - 12/31/2008)
  • Editorial Board, "Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports" (01/01/2006 - 12/31/2014)
  • Reviewer, "American Journal of Physiology - Renal" (01/01/2006 - 12/31/2015)
  • Reviewer, "American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Intergrative and Comparative" (01/01/2006 - 12/31/2006)
  • Reviewer, "American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology" (01/01/2006 - 12/31/2015)
  • Member, CSR/NIH, CSR UKGD Study Section, Ryan Morris, PhD (SRA) (01/01/2005 - 12/31/2008)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel ZDK1 GRB-8, Ancillary Studies in Obesity, Maria Avila-Bloom, PhD (SRO) (01/01/2005 - 12/31/2005)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel SEP UKGD IRG, Shirley Hilden, PhD (SRA) (01/01/2005 - 12/31/2005)
  • Reviewer, "FEBS Letters" (01/01/2005 - 12/31/2005)
  • AUA Meeting Abstract Reviewer, American Urological Association (01/01/2005 - 12/31/2013)
  • Presenter, "Treatment of IC - Anything New?", ICA Regional Meeting, Alexandria (01/01/2005 - 12/31/2005)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel (SEP) ZRG1 RUS-D 50, 12, Chris Langub, PhD (SRA) (01/01/2004 - 12/31/2004)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis Panel ZRG1 RUS-D (01), Chris Langub, PhD (SRA) (01/01/2004 - 12/31/2004)
  • Reviewer, Pfizer OAB/LUTS Grants (01/01/2004 - 12/31/2011)
  • Reviewer, American Foundation for Urologic Diseases Grant (01/01/2004 - 12/31/2004)
  • Judge, Institutional Service for Univ of MD School of Medicine, Medical Student Research Day (01/01/2004 - 12/31/2004)
  • Deacon, Chapelgate Presbyterian Church (PCA), Marriottsville, MD (01/01/2004 - 12/31/2012)
  • Secretary of Diaconate Board, Chapelgate Presbyterian Church (PCA), Marriottsville, MD (01/01/2004 - 12/31/2006)
  • Roundtable Leader, National Junior Science and Humanities Symposium, Hunt Valley Marriott, Hunt Valley, MD, "Science and Society" (01/01/2004 - 12/31/2004)
  • Interstitial Cystitis Association (ICA), Medical Advisory Board (01/01/2004 - 12/31/2007)
  • Reviewer, "BJU International" (01/01/2003 - 12/31/2015)
  • Reviewer, "Physiologic Genomics" (01/01/2003 - 12/31/2003)
  • Speaker, Institutional Service for Univ of MD School of Medicine, White Coat Ceremony for Class 2007 (01/01/2003 - 12/31/2003)
  • Presenter, "Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome AKA Chronic Prostatitis", ICA 20th Anniversary Meeting, Old Town Alexandria, VA (01/01/2003 - 12/31/2003)
  • Presenter, "Interstitial Cystitis, a Hypersensory Pelvic Disorder", Interstitial Cystitis Association, Interstitial Cystitis Association (ICA) Regional Support Group Meeting, Maryland City Public Library, Laurel, MD (01/01/2003 - 12/31/2003)
  • Chair, Maryland Regional Junior Science and Humanities Symposium, Advisory Committee (01/01/2003 - 12/31/2005)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, CSR/NIH, CSR Special Emphasis ZRG1 SMB (05) (01/01/2002 - 12/31/2002)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, NIDDK/NIH, NIDDK Special Study Section for NIH RFA DK02-026, Alternative Therapies for Benign Prostate Symptoms (01/01/2002 - 12/31/2002)
  • Reviewer, University of Washington, Diabetes Endocrinology Research Research Center (DERA) Pilot And Feasibility Program Project (01/01/2002 - 12/31/2002)
  • Reviewer, "Nature Clinical Practice Urology" (01/01/2002 - 12/31/2002)
  • Reviewer, "Neuroscience" (01/01/2002 - 12/31/2002)
  • Interviewer, Institutional Service for Univ of MD School of Medicine, Office of Admissions (01/01/2002 - 12/31/2006)
  • Member, NIDDK, NIDDK Bladder Research Progress Writing Committee (01/01/2001 - 12/31/2001)
  • Reviewer, Interstitital Cystitis Association (ICA) Fishbein Family Foundation Grant (01/01/2001 - 12/31/2005)
  • Reviewer, Research into Ageing Fellowship (UK) Grant (01/01/2001 - 12/31/2001)
  • Reviewer, "Brain Research" (01/01/2001 - 12/31/2001)
  • Reviewer, "Neurourology and Urodynamics" (01/01/2001 - 12/31/2015)
  • Presenter, "Effect of Prostate Cancer Treatments on Bladder Function", Us Too, Prostate Cancer Support Group Meeting, University of Maryland Hospital, Baltimore, MD (01/01/2001 - 12/31/2001)
  • Presenter, "Surgical Management of Interstitial Cystitis", Interstitial Cystitis Association, Interstitial Cystitis Association Maryland Chapter Meeting, Columbia, MD (01/01/2001 - 12/31/2001)
  • Reviewer, "Urology" (01/01/2000 - 12/31/2015)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, NIDDK/NIH, NIDDK DDK-D (K- and T-applications) (01/01/1999 - 12/31/2002)
  • Presenter, "Urinary Incontinence", American Foundation for Urologic Diseases, American Foundation for Urologic Diseases Bladder Health Week, University of Maryland Hospital, Baltimore, MD (01/01/1999 - 12/31/1999)
  • Ad Hoc Reviewer, NIDDK/NIH, NIDDK, RFA DK98-002, The Effect of Diabetes on Urinary Bladder and Erectile Function (01/01/1998 - 12/31/1998)
  • Reviewer, "Journal of Urology" (01/01/1998 - 12/31/2015)

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