Alison P Galvani, PhD

Burnett and Stender Families Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases) and Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Director of the Center for Infectious Disease Modeling and Analysis (CIDMA)

Research Interests

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Africa, Southern; Ecology; Economics; Epidemiologic Methods; Epidemiology; Biological Evolution; HIV; Influenza, Human; Parasitology; Public Health; Tuberculosis; Global Health; Evolution, Planetary; Infectious Disease Medicine

Public Health Interests

Cost-effectiveness; Economics; Epidemiology Methods; Modeling

Research Organizations

School of Public Health: CIDMA | Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases: Vaccine Group; Vector-borne | Parasitology Program | YSPH Global Health Concentration

Global Health Initiative

MacMillan Center

Office of Cooperative Research

Research Summary

Professor Galvani's research focuses on integrating epidemiology and the evolutionary ecology or economics in order to generate predictions that could not be made by these disciplines alone. This interdisciplinary approach has widespread potential for answering evolutionary questions, explaining empirical observations and informing public health policy. Professor Galvani has applied modeling and cost-effectiveness analyses to improve national and international public health policies of influenza, TB and HPV, HIV, rotavirus and Ebola, among other diseases.


Extensive Research Description

Professor Galvani's research focuses on integrating epidemiology and the evolutionary ecology or economics in order to generate predictions that could not be made by these disciplines alone. This interdisciplinary approach has widespread potential for answering evolutionary questions, explaining empirical observations and informing public health policy. Professor Galvani has applied modeling and cost-effectiveness analyses to improve national and international public health policies of influenza, TB and HPV, HIV, rotavirus and Ebola, among other diseases.


Selected Publications

  • Pandey, A., Atkins, K.E., Medlock, J., Wenzel, N., Townsend, J.P., Childs, J.E., Nyenswah, T.G., Ndeffo-Mbah, M., Galvani, A.P. (2014) Strategies for Containing Ebola in West Africa. Science 346(6212):991-5
  • Lipsitch, M. & Galvani, A.P. (2014) Ethical Alternatives to Experiments with Novel Potential Pandemic Pathogens. PLoS Medicine 11(5):e1001646.
  • Bauch, C.T. & Galvani, A.P. (2013) Social Factors of Epidemiology. Science. 342: 47-49.
  • Ndeffo Mbah, M.L., Kjetland, E. F., Atkins, K.E., Poolman, E.M., Orenstein, E.W., Meyers, L.A., Townsend, J.P. & Galvani, A.P. (2013) Cost-effectiveness of a community-based intervention for reducing the transmission of Schistosoma haematobium and HIV in Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 110(19):7952-7957.
  • Bellan, S.E., Dushoff, J., Galvani, A.P. & Meyers, L.A. (2015) Re-assessment of HIV-1 acute phase infectivity: accounting for heterogeneity and study design with simulated cohorts. PLoS Medicine. 17;12(3):e1001801.
  • Durham, D.P., Skrip L.A., Bruce, R.D., Vilarinho, S., Elbasha, E.H., Galvani A.P. & Townsend, J.P. (2015). The Impact of Enhanced Screening and Treatment on Hepatitis C in the US. Clinical Infectious Diseases. In press.
  • Chapman, G.B., Li, M., Vietri, J., Ibuka, Y., Thomas D., Yoon, H. & Galvani, A.P. (2012) Using game theory to examine incentives in influenza vaccination behavior. Psychological Science. 23(9):1008-1015
  • Luz, P.M., Vanni, T., Medlock, J., Paltiel, A. D., Galvani, A.P. (2011) Dengue vector control strategies in an urban setting: an economic modeling assessment. The Lancet. 377:1673-1680.
  • Bauch, C. , Li, M, Chapman, G.B. & Galvani, A.P. (2010) Adherence to cervical screening in the era of human papillomavirus vaccination: how low is too low? Lancet Infectious Diseases. 10:133-137
  • Medlock, J. & Galvani, A.P. (2009) Optimizing influenza vaccine distribution. Science. 325: 1705-1708.
  • Basu, S., Friedland, G.H., Medlock, J., Andrews, J.R., Shah, N.S., Gandhi, N.R., Moll, A., Moodley, P., Strum, A.W. & Galvani, A.P. (2009) Averting epidemics of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 106: 7672-7677.
  • Basu, S., Chapman, G.B. & Galvani, A.P. (2008) Integrating epidemiology, psychology and economics to achieve HPV vaccination targets. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 105: 19018-19023.
  • Galvani, A.P., Reluga, T.C. & Chapman, G.B. (2007) Long-standing influenza vaccination policy is in accord with individual self-interest but not with the utilitarian optimum. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 104: 5692-5697.
  • Galvani, A.P. & May, R.M. (2005) Dimensions of superspreading. Nature 438: 293-295.
  • Galvani, A.P. & Slatkin, M. (2003) Evaluating plague and smallpox as historical selective pressures for the CCR5-∆32 HIV-resistance allele. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 100: 15276-15279.
  • Ferguson, N.M., Galvani, A.P. & Bush, R.M. (2003) Ecological and immunological determinants of influenza evolution. Nature 422: 428-433.
  • Galvani, A.P. (2003) Epidemiology meets evolutionary ecology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 18: 132-139.
  • Townsend, J.P., Skrip L.A., & Galvani A.P. (2015). Impact of bed capacity on spatiotemporal shifts in Ebola transmission. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. In press.
  • Fallah, M., Skrip, L.A., d’Harcourt, E. & Galvani, A.P. (2015) Strategies to prevent future Ebola epidemics. The Lancet. 386:131.

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Contact Info

Alison P Galvani, PhD
Office Location
135 College Street, Ste 200 Rm 235
New Haven, CT 06510
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Mailing Address
PO Box 208034
60 College Street

New Haven, CT 06520-8034

Curriculum Vitae

Center for Infectious Disease Modeling and Analysis

Dogs and their owners wait in line for canine rabies vaccination during a campaign in northwest Tanzania

We showed that canine rabies vaccination was both an epidemiologically effective and economically cost-effective approach to protect people from rabies transmission (Fitzpatrick et al 2014 Annals of Internal Medicine).